Cellulitis Glossary of Terms

The following are health and medical definitions of terms that appear in the Cellulitis article.

Abscess: A local accumulation of pus anywhere in the body. The following are some example...

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Acetaminophen: A nonaspirin pain reliever or analgesic. Acetaminophen may be given alone t...

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Acne: Localized skin inflammation as a result of overactivity of the oil glands at the bas...

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Amputation: Removal of part or all of a body part that is enclosed by skin. Amputation can...

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Ankle: The ankle joint is complex. It is made up of two joints: the true ankle joint and ...

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Antibiotic: A drug used to treat bacterial infections. Antibiotics have no effect on viral...

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Arms: An appendage in anatomy and in clinical trials. See: Arm.

Bacteria: Single-celled microorganisms that can exist either as independent (free-living) ...

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Blister: A collection of fluid underneath the top layer of skin (epidermis). There are man...

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Blood clot: A mass of coagulated blood. A blood clot can block a major blood vessel, causi...

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Blood poisoning: The medical term is "septicemia." No matter which of these two terms-b...

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Blood sugar: Blood glucose. See also: High blood sugar; Low blood sugar.

Brain: The portion of the central nervous system that is located within the skull. It func...

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Cavernous sinus: A large channel of venous blood creating a "sinus" cavity bordered by the...

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Cavernous sinus thrombosis: A blood clot within the cavernous sinus. A thrombosis in this ...

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Cell: The basic structural and functional unit of any living thing. Each cell is a small c...

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Cellulitis: A spreading bacterial infection underneath the skin surface characterized by r...

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Chickenpox: A highly infectious viral disease also known medically as varicella -- in many...

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Chills: feelings of coldness accompanied by shivering. Chills may develop after exposure t...

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Chronic: In medicine, lasting a long time. A chronic condition is one that lasts 3 months ...

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Circulation: In medicine, the movement of fluid through the body in a regular or circuitou...

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Circulatory: Having to do with circulation, the movement of fluid in a regular or circuito...

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Cirrhosis: Liver disease characterized by irreversible scarring. Alcohol and viral hepatit...

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Cure: 1. To heal, to make well, to restore to good health. 2. A time withou...

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Cuts: Severed skin. Washing a cut or scrape with soap and water and keeping it clean and d...

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Debridement: The act of debriding (removing dead, contaminated or adherent tissue or forei...

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Dermatologist: A physician who specializes in the diagnosis and treatment of skin problems...

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Diabetes: Usually refers to diabetes mellitus or, less often, to diabetes insipidus. Diabe...

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Diagnosis: 1 The nature of a disease; the identification of an illness. 2 A ...

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Doxycycline: Brand name: Vibramycin. A synthetic broad-spectrum antibiotic derived from te...

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Ear: The hearing organ. There are three sections of the ear, according to the anatomy tex...

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Eczema (dermatitis): A particular type of inflammatory reaction of the skin in which there...

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Emergency department: The department of a hospital responsible for the provision of medica...

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External ear: There are three sections of the ear. They are the external ear, the middle ...

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Family practice: The medical specialty which provides continuing and comprehensive health ...

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Fasciitis: Inflammation of the fascia.

Fever: Although a fever technically is any body temperature above the normal of 98.6 F (37...

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Frostbite: Damage to tissues from freezing due to the formation of ice crystals within cel...

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Gangrene: Tissue death due to loss of adequate blood supply. Sometimes bacteria invade suc...

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Headache: A pain in the head with the pain being above the eyes or the ears, behind the he...

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Hemochromatosis: An inherited disorder characterized by abnormally high absorption of iron...

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Hepatitis: Inflammation of the liver, irrespective of the cause. Hepatitis is caused by a ...

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High blood sugar: An elevated level of the sugar glucose in the blood. Also called hypergl...

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Hygiene: The science of preventive medicine and the preservation of health. Also commonly ...

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Immune: Protected against infection, usually by the presence of antibodies.

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Immune system: A complex system that is responsible for distinguishing a person from every...

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Immunosuppression: Suppression of the immune system and its ability to fight infection. Im...

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Infection: The invasion and multiplication of microorganisms such as bacteria, viruses, an...

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Inflammation: A localized reaction that produces redness, warmth, swelling, and pain as a ...

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Injure: To harm, hurt, or wound. The word injure may be in physical or emotional sense. Fr...

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Injury: Harm or hurt. To harm, hurt, or wound. The word injure may be in physical or emot...

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Iron: An essential mineral. Iron is necessary for the transport of oxygen (via hemoglobin ...

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Iron overload: Iron overload can damage the heart, liver, gonads and other organs.

Kidney: One of a pair of organs located in the right and left side of the abdomen. The kid...

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Laboratory: A place for doing tests and research procedures, and for preparing chemicals a...

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Leg: In popular usage, the part of the body from the top of the thigh down to the foot, an...

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Liver: The largest solid organ in the body, situated in the upper part of the abdomen on t...

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Liver disease: Liver disease refers to any disorder of the liver. The liver is a large org...

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Lymph: The almost colorless fluid that travels through the lymphatic system, carrying cell...

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Lymphangitis: The red streaking and gland (lymph node) swelling in the area of an injury e...

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Lymphatic: Pertaining to a small, thin channel that is similar to a blood vessel and that ...

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Lymphedema: A condition in which excess fluid collects in tissue and causes swelling. Lymp...

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Malaise: A vague feeling of discomfort, one that cannot be pinned down but is often sensed...

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Malignant: 1. Tending to be severe and become progressively worse, as in malignant ...

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Medical history: 1. In clinical medicine, the patient's past and present which may ...

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Meningitis: Inflammation of the meninges, the three membranes that envelop the brain and t...

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Mouth: 1. The upper opening of the digestive tract, beginning with the lips and con...

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Muscle: Muscle is the tissue of the body which primarily functions as a source of power. T...

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Nail: In medicine, there are two types of nails. One is just a plain old metal nail used t...

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Nasal: Having to do with the nose.

Nausea: Stomach queasiness, the urge to vomit. Nausea can be brought on by many causes, in...

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Necrotizing fasciitis: Severe bacterial infection of the fascia, the tissues that line and...

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Nose: The external midline projection from the face. The purpose of the nose is to warm, c...

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Open wound: An injury that is exposed because of broken skin. An open wound is at high ris...

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Ophthalmologist: A physician who practices ophthalmology.

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Orbit: In medicine, the bony cavity in which the eyeball sits.

Orbital: In anatomy, pertaining to the orbit, the bony cavity that contains the eyeball.

Otitis: Inflammation of the ear. Depending upon which part of the ear is inflammed, there ...

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Otitis externa: Infection of the skin covering the outer ear canal that leads in to the ea...

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Outpatient: A patient who is not hospitalized, but instead comes to a physician?s office, ...

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Pain: An unpleasant sensation that can range from mild, localized discomfort to agony. Pa...

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Peripheral: Situated away from the center, as opposed to centrally located.

Poisoning: Taking a substance that is injurious to health or can cause death. Poisoning i...

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Prescription: A physician's order for the preparation and administration of a drug or dev...

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Prognosis: The forecast of the probable outcome or course of a disease; the patient's chan...

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Psoriasis: A reddish, scaly rash often located over the surfaces of the elbows, knees, sca...

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Pus: A thick, whitish-yellow fluid that results from the accumulation of white blood cells...

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Rash: Breaking out (eruption) of the skin. A rash can be caused by an underlying medical c...

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Sensation: In medicine and physiology, sensation refers to the registration of an incoming...

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Sepsis: The presence of bacteria (bacteremia), other infectious organisms, or toxins creat...

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Sinus: 1. An air-filled cavity in a dense portion of a skull bone. The sinuses decr...

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Skull: The skull is a collection of bones which encase the brain and give form to the hea...

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Staph: Very commonly used shortened form of Staphylococcus, a very common and important gr...

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Staph infection: A staph infection is an infection with a Staphylococcal bacteria.

Staphylococcus: A group of bacteria that cause a multitude of diseases. Under a microscope...

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Streptococcus: A group of bacteria that causes a multitude of diseases. Under a microscope...

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Surgeon: A physician who treats disease, injury, or deformity via operative or manual meth...

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Surgery: The branch of medicine that employs operations in the treatment of disease or inj...

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Tetanus: An often fatal infectious disease that is caused by the bacterium Clostridium tet...

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Throat: The throat is the anterior (front) portion of the neck beginning at the back of th...

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Thrombosis: The formation or presence of a blood clot in a blood vessel. The vessel may be...

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Trauma: A physical or emotional injury.

Tylenol: See: Acetaminophen.

Varicose veins: See: Varicose vein.

Vein: A blood vessel that carries blood that is low in oxygen content from the body back t...

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Vibramycin: Brand name for doxycycline.

Vibrio: A group of bacteria that includes Vibrio cholerae, the agent that causes cholera. ...

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Vibrio vulnificus: a type of bacteria that belong to the same family as the bacteri...

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White blood cell: One of the cells the body makes to help fight infections. There are seve...

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White blood cell count (leukocyte count): The number of white blood cells (WBCs) in the b...

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X-ray: High-energy radiation with waves shorter than those of visible light. X-ray is used...

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Medical Dictionary