Cerebral Palsy Topic Guide
Cerebral Palsy: Cerebral palsy (CP) is an umbrella term for a group of disorders affecting body movement, balance, and posture. Loosely translated, cerebral palsy means "brain paralysis." Cerebral palsy is caused by damage done to certain parts of the developing brain. Treatment of cerebral palsy can reduce disability due to the disorder.
Cognitive Deficits Cognitive deficits (intellectual disability) begin in childhood and cause impaired ability to learn and function. Impairment level is categorized as mild, moderate, severe, or profound. Causes include genetic abnormalities such as Down syndrome, premature birth, exposure to toxins, and others. Symptoms include developmental delay, behavioral issues, or difficulties in school. There is no specific treatment, but some may benefit from dietary changes, medications, and therapies.