Cervical Cancer (cont.)
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Cervical Cancer Screening and Diagnosis
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As with all cancers, early diagnosis is key to successful treatment and cure. Treating precancerous changes that affect only the surface of a small part of the cervix is much more likely to be successful than treating invasive cancer that affects a large portion of the cervix and has spread to other tissues.
The most important progress that has been made in early detection of cervical cancer is widespread use of the Papanicolaou test (Pap smear).
Diagnosis of cervical cancer requires that a sample of cervical tissue (called a biopsy) be taken and analyzed under a microscope.
Colposcopy is a procedure similar to a pelvic examination.
Sometimes a larger biopsy is needed to fully check for invasive cervical cancer.
A cone biopsy is performed in the operating room while a woman is under anesthesia.
Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 4/13/2015
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