Cervical Dysplasia Glossary of Terms

The following are health and medical definitions of terms that appear in the Cervical Dysplasia article.

Ablation: Removal or excision. Ablation is usually carried out surgically. For example, su...

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Abnormal: Outside the expected norm, or uncharacteristic of a particular patient.

Abstinence: The voluntary self-denial of food, drink, or sex. Today, abstinence most commo...

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Analysis: In psychology, a term for conversation-based therapeutic processes used to gain ...

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Atypical: Unusual, or not fitting a single diagnostic
category.

Biopsy: The removal of a sample of tissue for examination under a microscope to check for ...

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Birth control: Birth control is the use of any practices, methods, or devices to prevent p...

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Cancer: An abnormal growth of cells which tend to proliferate in an uncontrolled way and, ...

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Carbon dioxide: A gas which is the byproduct of cellular metabolism and which collects in ...

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Carcinoma: Cancer that begins in the skin or in tissues that line or cover body organs. Ex...

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Carcinoma in situ: Cancer that has stayed in the place where it began and has not spread t...

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Cell: The basic structural and functional unit of any living thing. Each cell is a small c...

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Cervical: Having to do with any kind of neck, including the neck on which the head is perc...

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Cervical cancer: Cancer of the entrance to the womb (uterus). The cervix is the lower, na...

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Cervical dysplasia: Cellular changes in the cells lining the cervix of the uterus. Cervica...

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Cervical intraepithelial neoplasia: The growth of abnormal precancerous cells on the surfa...

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Cervix: The cervix is the lower, narrow part of the uterus (womb). The uterus, a hollow, ...

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Colposcopy: A procedure in which a lighted magnifying instrument called a colposcope (or v...

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Cone: A type of specialized light-sensitive cell (photoreceptor) in the retina of the eye ...

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Conization: Surgery to remove a cone-shaped piece of tissue from the cervix and cervical c...

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Diagnosis: 1 The nature of a disease; the identification of an illness. 2 A ...

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Discharge: 1.The flow of fluid from part of the body, such as from the nose or vag...

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Dysplasia: Abnormality in form or development. For example, retinal dysplasia is abnormal ...

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Epithelium: The outside layer of cells that covers all the free, open surfaces of the body...

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Excision: 1. Surgical removal, as in the excision of a tumor. 2. The remov...

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FDA: Food and Drug Administration.

Genital: Pertaining to the external and/or internal organs of reproduction.

HIV: Acronym for the Human Immunodeficiency Virus, the cause of AIDS (acquired immunodefi...

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HPV: Human papillomavirus.

Hysterectomy: An operation to remove the uterus. Hysterectomies are most commonly performe...

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Immune: Protected against infection, usually by the presence of antibodies.

Immune system: A complex system that is responsible for distinguishing a person from every...

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In situ: In the normal location. An in situ tumor is one that is confined to its site of o...

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Infant: A young baby, from birth to 12 months of age.

Infection: The invasion and multiplication of microorganisms such as bacteria, viruses, an...

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Intraepithelial: Within the layer of cells that forms the surface or lining of an organ. F...

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Invasive cervical cancer: Cancer that has spread from the surface of the cervix to tissue ...

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Laser: A powerful beam of light that is used in some types of surgery to cut or destroy ti...

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Lesion: An area of abnormal tissue change. Lesions vary in severity from harmless to serio...

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Microscope: An optical instrument that augments the power of the eye to see small objects....

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Microscopic: So small it cannot be seen without the aid of microscope. As opposed to macro...

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Neoplasia: Abnormal new growth of cells.

Pap Smear: A screening test for cervical cancer based on the examination of cells under th...

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Pap test: A screening test for cervical cancer that involves the microscopic examination o...

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Pathology: The study of disease. Pathology has been defined as "that branch of medicine...

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Pelvic: Having to do with the pelvis, the lower part of the abdomen, located between the h...

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Pelvic exam: An examination of the organs of the female reproductive system.

Precancerous: Pertaining to something that is not yet overtly cancerous, but appears to be...

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Pregnancy: The state of carrying a developing embryo or fetus within the female body. Thi...

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Prognosis: The forecast of the probable outcome or course of a disease; the patient's chan...

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Recurrence: The return of a sign, symptom, or disease after a remission. The reappearance ...

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Resection: Surgical removal of part of an organ.

Speculum: An instrument that is used to widen the opening of the vagina so that the cervix...

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Squamous cells: Flat cells that look like fish scales. The word "squamous" came from the L...

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Squamous intraepithelial lesion: A general term for the abnormal growth of squamous cells ...

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Stenosis: A narrowing. For example, aortic stenosis is a narrowing of the aortic valve in ...

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Surgery: The branch of medicine that employs operations in the treatment of disease or inj...

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Uterus: A hollow, pear-shaped organ that is located in a woman's lower abdomen, between th...

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Vaginal discharge: Vaginal discharge is a fluid produced by glands in the vaginal wall and...

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Virus: A microorganism that is smaller than a bacterium that cannot grow or reproduce apar...

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Womb: The womb (uterus) is a hollow, pear-shaped organ located in a woman's lower abdomen ...

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