Cervical Dysplasia (cont.)
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Cervical Dysplasia Surgery
Treatments for cervical dysplasia fall into two general categories: 1) destruction (ablation) of the abnormal area, and 2) removal (resection). Both types of treatment are equally effective. Generally, destruction (ablation) procedures are used for milder dysplasia and removal (resection) is recommended for more severe dysplasia or cancer.
The destruction (ablation) procedures for treatment of cervical dysplasia include carbon dioxide laser photoablation and cryocautery. These treatments use a laser or freezing methods to remove the abnormal cells. The most common complications of ablation procedures are narrowing (stenosis) of the cervical opening and bleeding. Disadvantages of this treatment include that this procedure does not allow sampling of the abnormal area and is not satisfactory for treating cervical cancer. Clear vaginal discharge and spotting of blood can occur for a few weeks after these procedures.
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