Cervicitis Glossary of Terms

The following are health and medical definitions of terms that appear in the Cervicitis article.

Abdomen: The belly, that part of the body that contains all of the structures between the...

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Abdominal: Relating to the abdomen, the belly, that part of the body that contains all of ...

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Abdominal pain: Pain in the belly. Abdominal pain can be acute or chronic. It may reflect ...

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Abnormal: Outside the expected norm, or uncharacteristic of a particular patient.

Abortion: In medicine, an abortion is the premature exit of the products of conception (th...

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Acyclovir: (Brand name: Zovirax) One of a group of antiviral drugs that acts against the h...

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Allergy: A misguided reaction to foreign substances by the immune system, the body system ...

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Antibiotic: A drug used to treat bacterial infections. Antibiotics have no effect on viral...

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Antiviral: An agent that kills a virus or that suppresses its ability to replicate and, he...

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Back pain: Pain felt in the low or upper back. Causes of pain in the low and upper back in...

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Biopsy: The removal of a sample of tissue for examination under a microscope to check for ...

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Birth control: Birth control is the use of any practices, methods, or devices to prevent p...

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Blindness: Loss of useful sight. Blindness can be temporary or permanent. Damage to any p...

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Cancer: An abnormal growth of cells which tend to proliferate in an uncontrolled way and, ...

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Cervical: Having to do with any kind of neck, including the neck on which the head is perc...

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Cervical cancer: Cancer of the entrance to the womb (uterus). The cervix is the lower, na...

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Cervical cap: A soft rubber cup with a round rim designed to fit snugly around the cervix...

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Cervicitis: Inflammation of the uterine cervix.

Cervix: The cervix is the lower, narrow part of the uterus (womb). The uterus, a hollow, ...

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Chills: feelings of coldness accompanied by shivering. Chills may develop after exposure t...

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Chlamydia: The agent of a sexually transmitted disease, a type of bacteria found in the ce...

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Chronic: In medicine, lasting a long time. A chronic condition is one that lasts 3 months ...

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Colposcopy: A procedure in which a lighted magnifying instrument called a colposcope (or v...

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Cryosurgery: Treatment performed with an instrument that freezes and destroys abnormal tis...

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Cryotherapy: Literally, "cold therapy." Cryotherapy, sometimes referred to as cryosurgery,...

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Diagnosis: 1 The nature of a disease; the identification of an illness. 2 A ...

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Discharge: 1.The flow of fluid from part of the body, such as from the nose or vag...

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Dizziness: Painless head discomfort with many possible causes including disturbances of ...

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Ectopic: In the wrong place, out of place. For example, an ectopic kidney is a kidney that...

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Ectopic pregnancy: A pregnancy that is not in the uterus. The fertilized egg settles and g...

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Electrocoagulation: The coagulation (clotting) of tissue using a high-frequency electrical...

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Electrocoagulation: A procedure that uses an electrical current to stop bleeding.

Emergency department: The department of a hospital responsible for the provision of medica...

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Endometritis: Inflammation of the endometrium, the inner layer of the uterus.

Family history: The family structure and relationships within the family, including inform...

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Fever: Although a fever technically is any body temperature above the normal of 98.6 F (37...

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Genital: Pertaining to the external and/or internal organs of reproduction.

Genital herpes: An infection by human herpes virus that is transmitted through intimate co...

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Genitalia: The male or female reproductive organs. The genitalia include internal and exte...

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Gonorrhea: A bacterial infection that is transmitted by sexual contact. Gonorrhea is one o...

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Herpes: A family of viruses. Herpes also refers to infection with one of the human herpesv...

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HIV: Acronym for the Human Immunodeficiency Virus, the cause of AIDS (acquired immunodefi...

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HPV: Human papillomavirus.

Human papillomavirus: HPV. A family of over 100 viruses including those which cause warts ...

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Indicate: In medicine, to make a treatment or procedure advisable because of a particular ...

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Infection: The invasion and multiplication of microorganisms such as bacteria, viruses, an...

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Infertility: Diminished or absent ability to conceive and bear offspring. A couple is cons...

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Inflammation: A localized reaction that produces redness, warmth, swelling, and pain as a ...

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Injury: Harm or hurt. To harm, hurt, or wound. The word injure may be in physical or emot...

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Itching: An uncomfortable sensation in the skin that feels as if something is crawling on ...

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Laser: A powerful beam of light that is used in some types of surgery to cut or destroy ti...

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Last menstrual period: By convention, pregnancies are dated in weeks starting from the fir...

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Medical history: 1. In clinical medicine, the patient's past and present which may ...

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Menstrual: Pertaining to menstruation (the menses), as in last menstrual period, menstrua...

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Nausea: Stomach queasiness, the urge to vomit. Nausea can be brought on by many causes, in...

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Neck: The part of the body joining the head to the shoulders. Also, any narrow or constric...

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Outlet: The exit or opening. The means by which something escapes.

Pain: An unpleasant sensation that can range from mild, localized discomfort to agony. Pa...

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Painful urination: See: Dysuria.

Pap Smear: A screening test for cervical cancer based on the examination of cells under th...

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Pap test: A screening test for cervical cancer that involves the microscopic examination o...

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Pelvic: Having to do with the pelvis, the lower part of the abdomen, located between the h...

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Pelvic pain: : Pain perceived in the area of the pelvis, the lower part of the abdomen loc...

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Penis: The external male sex organ. The penis contains two chambers, the corpora cavernosa...

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Pneumonia: Inflammation of one or both lungs, with dense areas of lung inflammation. Pneum...

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Precancerous: Pertaining to something that is not yet overtly cancerous, but appears to be...

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Pregnancy: The state of carrying a developing embryo or fetus within the female body. Thi...

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Pregnant: The state of carrying a developing fetus within the body.

Premature birth: A birth that takes place before 37 weeks of gestation have passed. Histor...

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Prescription: A physician's order for the preparation and administration of a drug or dev...

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Prognosis: The forecast of the probable outcome or course of a disease; the patient's chan...

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Rule out: Term used in medicine, meaning to eliminate or exclude something from considera...

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Sensation: In medicine and physiology, sensation refers to the registration of an incoming...

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Sexually transmitted disease: Any disease transmitted by sexual contact; caused by microor...

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Speculum: An instrument that is used to widen the opening of the vagina so that the cervix...

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Stenosis: A narrowing. For example, aortic stenosis is a narrowing of the aortic valve in ...

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Surgery: The branch of medicine that employs operations in the treatment of disease or inj...

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Symptom: Any subjective evidence of disease. In contrast, a sign is objective. Blood comin...

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Therapy: The treatment of disease. Therapy is synonymous with treatment.

Trichomoniasis: Infection with trichomonas, in humans with Trichomonas vaginalis.

Tubes: The "tubes" are medically known as the Fallopian tubes. There are two Fallopian tub...

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Urethritis: Inflammation of the urethra, the tube that leads from the bladder to the outsi...

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Urinary: Having to do with the function or anatomy of the kidneys, ureters, bladder, or ur...

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Urinary tract: The organs of the body that produce, store, and discharge urine. These orga...

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Urinary tract infection: An infection of the kidney, ureter, bladder, or urethra. Abbrevia...

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Uterus: A hollow, pear-shaped organ that is located in a woman's lower abdomen, between th...

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Vagina: The muscular canal that extends from the cervix to the outside of the body. It is ...

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Vaginal discharge: Vaginal discharge is a fluid produced by glands in the vaginal wall and...

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Virus: A microorganism that is smaller than a bacterium that cannot grow or reproduce apar...

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Zovirax: Brand name of Acyclovir.

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