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Chemical Burns (cont.)

Chemical Burn Medical Treatment

Specific medical treatment depends on the chemical that the patient was exposed to. Some of the general steps taken to medically treat chemical burns are as follows:

  • IV fluids may be needed to normalize blood pressure and heart rate as any type of burn (fire, chemical, sun exposure) often results in dehydration of the patient.
  • The IV access may also be used for any medications needed to treat pain or protect against infection.
  • Decontamination will begin (likely water irrigation).
  • Some people may be an antidote to counteract the chemical, if appropriate.
  • Antibiotics often are not needed for minor chemical burns.
  • Wounds will be cleaned and bandaged with medicated creams and sterile wraps as needed.
  • Consultation with other medical specialists may be done if indicated.
  • Pain in a burn can often be severe. Adequate pain control will be addressed by the doctor.
  • If there is any indication of breathing problems, a breathing tube may be placed in the patient's airway to help maintain the airway and provide adequate ventilation.

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Chemical Burns - Experience

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Read What Your Physician is Reading on Medscape

Burns, Chemical »

Acids are defined as proton donors (H+), and bases are defined as proton acceptors (OH-).

Read More on Medscape Reference »


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