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Chemical Warfare (cont.)


1. Borak J, Sidell FR. Agents of chemical warfare: sulfur mustard. Ann Emerg Med. Mar 1992;21(3):303-8. [Medline].

2. Brennan RJ, Waeckerle JF, Sharp TW, Lillibridge SR. Chemical warfare agents: emergency medical and emergency public health issues. Ann Emerg Med. Aug 1999;34(2):191-204. [Medline].

3. Burgess JL, Kirk M, Borron SW, Cisek J. Emergency department hazardous materials protocol for contaminated patients. Ann Emerg Med. Aug 1999;34(2):205-12. [Medline].

4. Haley RW, Kurt TL. Self-reported exposure to neurotoxic chemical combinations in the Gulf War. A cross-sectional epidemiologic study. JAMA. Jan 15 1997;277(3):231-7. [Medline].

5. Heyndrickx A. Chemical warfare injuries. Lancet. Feb 16 1991;337(8738):430. [Medline].

6. Holstege CP, Kirk M, Sidell FR. Chemical warfare. Nerve agent poisoning. Crit Care Clin. Oct 1997;13(4):923-42. [Medline].

7. Levitin HW, Siegelson HJ. Hazardous materials. Disaster medical planning and response. Emerg Med Clin North Am. May 1996;14(2):327-48. [Medline].

8. Murray VS, Volans GN. Management of injuries due to chemical weapons. BMJ. Jan 19 1991;302(6769):129-30. [Medline].

9. Nakajima T, Ohta S, Morita H, Midorikawa Y, Mimura S, Yanagisawa N. Epidemiological study of sarin poisoning in Matsumoto City, Japan. J Epidemiol. Mar 1998;8(1):33-41. [Medline].

10. Nozaki H, Hori S, Shinozawa Y, Fujishima S, Takuma K, Kimura H. Relationship between pupil size and acetylcholinesterase activity in patients exposed to sarin vapor. Intensive Care Med. Sep 1997;23(9):1005-7. [Medline].

11. Okudera H, Morita H, Iwashita T, Shibata T, Otagiri T, Kobayashi S. Unexpected nerve gas exposure in the city of Matsumoto: report of rescue activity in the first sarin gas terrorism. Am J Emerg Med. Sep 1997;15(5):527-8. [Medline].

12. Okumura T, Takasu N, Ishimatsu S, Miyanoki S, Mitsuhashi A, Kumada K. Report on 640 victims of the Tokyo subway sarin attack. Ann Emerg Med. Aug 1996;28(2):129-35. [Medline].

13. Pons P, Dart RC. Chemical incidents in the emergency department: if and when. Ann Emerg Med. Aug 1999;34(2):223-5. [Medline].

14. Ruhl CM, Park SJ, Danisa O, Morgan RF, Papirmeister B, Sidell FR. A serious skin sulfur mustard burn from an artillery shell. J Emerg Med. Mar-Apr 1994;12(2):159-66. [Medline].

15. Sidell FR. Chemical agent terrorism. Ann Emerg Med. Aug 1996;28(2):223-4. [Medline].

16. Sidell FR. What to do in case of an unthinkable chemical warfare attack or accident. Postgrad Med. Nov 15 1990;88(7):70-6, 81-4. [Medline].

17. Sidell FR, Borak J. Chemical warfare agents: II. Nerve agents. Ann Emerg Med. Jul 1992;21(7):865-71. [Medline].

18. Smith KJ, Hurst CG, Moeller RB, Skelton HG, Sidell FR. Sulfur mustard: its continuing threat as a chemical warfare agent, the cutaneous lesions induced, progress in understanding its mechanism of action, its long-term health effects, and new developments for protection and therapy. J Am Acad Dermatol. May 1995;32(5 Pt 1):765-76. [Medline].

19. Tucker JB. National health and medical services response to incidents of chemical and biological terrorism. JAMA. Aug 6 1997;278(5):362-8. [Medline].

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