Chickenpox Glossary of Terms

The following are health and medical definitions of terms that appear in the Chickenpox article.

Abnormal: Outside the expected norm, or uncharacteristic of a particular patient.

Absorption: Uptake. For example, intestinal absorption is the uptake of food (or other sub...

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Acetaminophen: A nonaspirin pain reliever or analgesic. Acetaminophen may be given alone t...

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Acute: Of abrupt onset, in reference to a disease. Acute often also connotes an illness th...

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Acyclovir: (Brand name: Zovirax) One of a group of antiviral drugs that acts against the...

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Antibiotic: A drug used to treat bacterial infections. Antibiotics have no effect on viral...

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Antiviral: An agent that kills a virus or that suppresses its ability to replicate and, he...

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Antiviral agent: A medication or another agent that kills viruses or inhibits their capabi...

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Arms: An appendage in anatomy and in clinical trials. See: Arm.

Aspirin: Once the Bayer trademark for acetylsalicylic acid, now the common name for this a...

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Ataxia: Poor coordination and unsteadiness due to the brain's failure to regulate the body...

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Bacteria: Single-celled microorganisms that can exist either as independent (free-living) ...

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Bacterial: Of or pertaining to bacteria, as in a bacterial lung infection.

Blister: A collection of fluid underneath the top layer of skin (epidermis). There are man...

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Brain: The portion of the central nervous system that is located within the skull. It func...

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Calamine: An astringent made from zinc carbonate or zinc oxide, customarily used in lotion...

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Cancer: An abnormal growth of cells which tend to proliferate in an uncontrolled way and, ...

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Cell: The basic structural and functional unit of any living thing. Each cell is a small c...

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Centers for Disease Control and Prevention: The US agency charged with tracking and invest...

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Cerebellar: Pertaining to the cerebellum, the part of the brain in the back of the head be...

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Chickenpox: A highly infectious viral disease also known medically as varicella -- in many...

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Chickenpox rash: Chickenpox is characterized by a rash, often the first sign of the diseas...

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Coma: A state of deep, unarousable unconsciousness. A coma may occur as a result of head t...

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Complication: In medicine, an unanticipated problem that arises following, and is a result...

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Congenital: A condition that is present at birth, whether or not it is inherited.

Contagious: capable of being transmitted from one human to another human via direct or ind...

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Cure: 1. To heal, to make well, to restore to good health. 2. A time withou...

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Dehydration: Excessive loss of body water. Diseases of the gastrointestinal tract that cau...

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Delirium: A sudden state of severe confusion and rapid changes in brain function, sometime...

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Diagnosis: 1 The nature of a disease; the identification of an illness. 2 A ...

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Encephalitis: Inflammation of the brain, which may be caused by a bacterium, a virus, or a...

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Evolution: The continuing process of change.

Fever: Although a fever technically is any body temperature above the normal of 98.6 F (37...

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Fiber: The parts of fruits and vegetables that cannot be digested. Fiber is of vital impor...

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Food and Drug Administration: An agency within the US Public Health Service that provides ...

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Gamma globulin: A major class of immunoglobulins found in the blood, including many of th...

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Genitalia: The male or female reproductive organs. The genitalia include internal and exte...

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Gestation: The period of time from conception to birth.

Headache: A pain in the head with the pain being above the eyes or the ears, behind the he...

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Hepatitis: Inflammation of the liver, irrespective of the cause. Hepatitis is caused by a ...

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Ibuprofen: A nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) that is commonly used to treat pa...

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Immune: Protected against infection, usually by the presence of antibodies.

Immune system: A complex system that is responsible for distinguishing a person from every...

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Immunity: The condition of being immune. Immunity can be innate'for example, humans are in...

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Incidence: The frequency with which something, such as a disease or trait, appears in a pa...

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Incubation period: In medicine, the time from the moment of exposure to an infectious agen...

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Indicate: In medicine, to make a treatment or procedure advisable because of a particular ...

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Infant: A young baby, from birth to 12 months of age.

Infection: The invasion and multiplication of microorganisms such as bacteria, viruses, an...

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Inflammation: A localized reaction that produces redness, warmth, swelling, and pain as a ...

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Influenza: Influenza is an acute respiratory illness caused by influenza A or B viruses Mo...

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Intrauterine: In the uterus.

Itching: An uncomfortable sensation in the skin that feels as if something is crawling on ...

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Kidney: One of a pair of organs located in the right and left side of the abdomen. The kid...

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Laboratory: A place for doing tests and research procedures, and for preparing chemicals a...

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Malaise: A vague feeling of discomfort, one that cannot be pinned down but is often sensed...

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Maternal: 1. Pertaining to the mother as, for example, the maternal mortality rate....

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Measles: An acute and highly contagious viral disease characterized by fever, runny nose,...

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Mental retardation: The condition of having an IQ measured as below 70 to 75 and significa...

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Mortality: Susceptible to death.

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Mortality rate: A death rate. There are a number of different types of mortality rates as,...

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Mouth: 1. The upper opening of the digestive tract, beginning with the lips and con...

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Mumps: An acute (sudden, shortlived) viral illness that usually presents with inflammation...

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Nausea: Stomach queasiness, the urge to vomit. Nausea can be brought on by many causes, in...

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Neonatal: Pertaining to the newborn period, specifically the first 4 weeks after birth.

Nerve: A bundle of fibers that uses electrical and chemical signals to transmit sensory an...

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Nerve cell: See: Neuron.

Onset: In medicine, the first appearance of the signs or symptoms of an illness as, for ex...

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Orchitis: Inflammation of the testis. Causes of orchitis include mumps and other infection...

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Organ: A relatively independent part of the body that carries out one or more special func...

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Pain: An unpleasant sensation that can range from mild, localized discomfort to agony. Pa...

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Papule: A solid, rounded growth that is elevated from the skin. A papule is usually less t...

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Papules: Small solid rounded bumps rising from the skin that are each usually less than 1 ...

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Pharmacy: A location where prescription medications are sold. A pharmacy is constantly sup...

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Pigment: A substance that gives color to tissue. Pigments are responsible for the colors o...

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Pneumonia: Inflammation of one or both lungs, with dense areas of lung inflammation. Pneum...

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Pregnancy: The state of carrying a developing embryo or fetus within the female body. Thi...

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Pregnant: The state of carrying a developing fetus within the body.

Prognosis: The forecast of the probable outcome or course of a disease; the patient's chan...

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Pustule: A pustule is a small collection of pus in the top layer of skin (epidermis) or be...

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Rash: Breaking out (eruption) of the skin. A rash can be caused by an underlying medical c...

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Respiratory: Having to do with respiration.

Reye syndrome: A sudden, sometimes fatal, disease of the brain (encephalopathy) with degen...

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Risk factor: Something that increases a person's chances of developing a disease. For exam...

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Seizure: Uncontrolled electrical activity in the brain, which may produce a physical conv...

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Sensitivity: 1. In psychology, the quality of being sensitive. As, for example, sen...

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Sensory: Relating to sensation, to the perception of a stimulus, to the voyage made by inc...

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Sepsis: The presence of bacteria (bacteremia), other infectious organisms, or toxins creat...

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Shingles: An acute infection caused by the herpes zoster virus, the same virus as causes c...

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Sore: 1. (adjective) A popular term for painful, such as a sore throat. 2. (...

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Sore throat: Pain in the throat. Sore throat may be caused by many different causes, inclu...

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Staphylococcus: A group of bacteria that cause a multitude of diseases. Under a microscope...

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Streptococcus: A group of bacteria that causes a multitude of diseases. Under a microscope...

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Surgery: The branch of medicine that employs operations in the treatment of disease or inj...

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Syndrome: A combination of symptoms and signs that together represent a disease process.

Testes: Plural of testis.

Throat: The throat is the anterior (front) portion of the neck beginning at the back of th...

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Toxicity: The degree to which a substance (a toxin or poison) can harm humans or animals. ...

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Trimester: In obstetrics, one of the three divisions of three months each during pregnancy...

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Tylenol: See: Acetaminophen.

Uncertainty: "Medicine's ground state is uncertainty. And wisdom -- for both patients and ...

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Vesicle: In dermatology, a vesicle is a small blister, as on the skin. Vesicles also occur...

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Vesicles: In dermatology, vesicles are small blisters, most often on the skin. Vesicles al...

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Viral: Of or pertaining to a virus. For example, if a person has a viral rash, the rash wa...

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Virus: A microorganism that is smaller than a bacterium that cannot grow or reproduce apar...

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Viruses: Small living particles that can infect cells and change how the cells function. I...

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Womb: The womb (uterus) is a hollow, pear-shaped organ located in a woman's lower abdomen ...

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Zovirax: Brand name of Acyclovir.

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Medical Dictionary