Prior to the introduction of a chickenpox vaccine program, approximately 4 million cases occurred annually in the United States; 10,000 patients were hospitalized annually, and an average of 100 deaths occurred. The majority of deaths occurred in those who had no identifiable risk factor (for
example, cancer, HIV/AIDS). Chickenpox should not be viewed as a childhood "rite of passage" and is not merely an inconvenience.
Previous contributing authors and editors:
Author: Tammy Shields, MD, Staff Physician, Department of Emergency Medicine, Denver Health Medical Center.
Christopher Colwell, MD, Medical Director of Denver Paramedic Division,
Assistant Professor, Department of Surgery, Denver Health Medical Center, University of Colorado Health Sciences Center.
Editors: Scott H Plantz, MD, FAAEM, Research Director,
Assistant Professor, Department of Emergency Medicine, Mount Sinai School of
Medicine; Francisco Talavera, PharmD, PhD, Senior Pharmacy Editor, eMedicine;
Jeter (Jay) Pritchard Taylor III, MD, Vice-Chief, Compliance Officer, Attending
Physician Emergency Medicine Residency, Department of Emergency Medicine, Palmetto Richland Memorial Hospital, University of South Carolina.
REFERENCE:Last Editorial Review: 3/13/2014
United States. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. "Varicella (Chickenpox) Vaccine Q&A." June 1, 2009. <http://www.cdc.gov/vaccines/vpd-vac/varicella/vac-faqs-gen.htm>.
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