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Chlamydia (cont.)

When to Seek Medical Care

Call your doctor if you experience any of the following:

  • Abdominal pain
  • Discharge from the penis or vagina
  • Pain with urination
  • Sexual contact with an infected person. Most often, a sexual partner is informed about a chlamydial infection, and this is the first indication of the presence of the disease. All partners of an infected person should be treated to prevent the spread of the infection back and forth.

When to go to the hospital

Chlamydial infections can develop into serious medical conditions if not treated.

  • Women: Pelvic inflammatory disease is a serious medical condition, which occurs in 10% to 15% of untreated cases and can lead to sterility. Fever, abdominal pain, and vaginal discharge can be symptoms of this disease. Women with these symptoms need to go to a hospital's emergency department immediately for treatment.
  • Men: Fever, discharge from the penis, and painful urination may signal an infection, which may involve inflammation of the testicles. Men with these symptoms need to go to a hospital's emergency department immediately for treatment.

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Read What Your Physician is Reading on Medscape

Chlamydial Genitourinary Infections »

Chlamydiae are small gram-negative obligate intracellular microorganisms that preferentially infect squamocolumnar epithelial cells.

Read More on Medscape Reference »


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