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Chlamydia (cont.)

Chlamydia Follow-up

  • Finish the entire course of antibiotics your doctor prescribes, even if you're feeling fine and symptoms go away.
  • Notify any and all sexual partners of infection. They should be treated or tested so the infection is not passed back and forth.
  • Be retested if your symptoms continue or you think you have been reinfected. Having the infection once does not confer immunity to repeat infection.
  • Use latex condoms during sexual intercourse.

Chlamydia Prevention

  • Use latex condoms when having sexual intercourse.
  • Avoid sexual contact with high-risk partners.
  • Treat infected sexual partners or have them tested before having sexual relations. Up to one-fourth of sexual partners will be reinfected because the partner wasn't treated.

Chlamydia Prognosis

Treated with antibiotics, chlamydial infections can be cured most of the time.

Complications of untreated chlamydia include:

  • A significant number of women will develop pelvic inflammatory disease;
    • Some women with pelvic inflammatory disease will develop a form of liver disease (perihepatitis).
  • Women may develop chronic pelvic pain and become sterile due to blockage of the Fallopian tubes that allow the egg to be transported from the ovary to the women's womb.
  • More common in men, some may develop sexually acquired reactive arthritis or Reiter syndrome.
  • Men may experience painful swelling of the testicles.

Medically reviewed by Robert Cox, MD; American Board of Internal Medicine with subspecialty in Infectious Disease

REFERENCES: Chlamydia.
<> Chlamydia - CDC Fact Sheet.

Previous contributing editors: Scott H Plantz, MD, FAAEM, Research Director, Assistant Professor, Department of Emergency Medicine, Mount Sinai School of Medicine; Francisco Talavera, PharmD, PhD, Senior Pharmacy Editor, eMedicine; Jeter (Jay) Pritchard Taylor III, MD, Vice-Chief, Compliance Officer, Attending Physician Emergency Medicine Residency, Department of Emergency Medicine, Palmetto Richland Memorial Hospital, University of South Carolina.

Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 6/2/2016

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Read What Your Physician is Reading on Medscape

Chlamydial Genitourinary Infections »

Chlamydiae are small gram-negative obligate intracellular microorganisms that preferentially infect squamocolumnar epithelial cells.

Read More on Medscape Reference »

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