- Finish the entire course of antibiotics your doctor prescribes, even if you're feeling fine and symptoms go away.
- Notify any and all sexual partners of infection. They should be treated or tested so the infection is not passed back and forth.
- Be retested if your symptoms continue or you think you have been reinfected. Having the infection once does not confer immunity to repeat infection.
- Use latex condoms during sexual intercourse.
- Use latex condoms when having sexual intercourse.
- Avoid sexual contact with high-risk partners.
- Treat infected sexual partners or have them tested before having sexual relations. Up to one-fourth of sexual partners will be reinfected because the partner wasn't treated.
Treated with antibiotics, chlamydial infections can be cured most of the time.
Complications of untreated chlamydia include:
- A significant number of women will develop pelvic inflammatory disease;
- Some women with pelvic inflammatory disease will develop a form of liver disease (perihepatitis).
- Women may develop chronic pelvic pain and become sterile due to blockage of the Fallopian tubes that allow the egg to be transported from the ovary to the women's womb.
- More common in men, some may develop sexually acquired reactive arthritis or Reiter syndrome.
- Men may experience painful swelling of the testicles.
Medically reviewed by Robert Cox, MD; American Board of Internal Medicine with subspecialty in Infectious Disease
CDC.gov. Chlamydia - CDC Fact Sheet.
Previous contributing editors:
Scott H Plantz, MD, FAAEM, Research
Director, Assistant Professor, Department of Emergency Medicine, Mount Sinai
School of Medicine; Francisco Talavera, PharmD, PhD, Senior Pharmacy Editor,
eMedicine; Jeter (Jay) Pritchard Taylor III, MD, Vice-Chief, Compliance Officer,
Attending Physician Emergency Medicine Residency, Department of Emergency Medicine, Palmetto Richland Memorial Hospital, University of South Carolina.
Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 6/2/2016
Must Read Articles Related to Chlamydia
Cervicitis is an infection of the lower genital tract (inflammation of the cervix). Cervicitis may be caused by STD's or injuries to the cervix. Cervicitis symp...learn more >>
Ectopic pregnancy is a condition in which a pregnancy develops outside of a woman's uterus. Causes of ectopic pregnancy include previous Fallopian tube infectio...learn more >>
Female Sexual Problems
Long considered a taboo subject, women's sexuality is now openly discussed and portrayed on television, in magazines, and on the internet. Symptoms of female se...learn more >>
Patient Comments & Reviews
The eMedicineHealth doctors ask about Chlamydia: