High Cholesterol and Children Glossary of Terms

The following are health and medical definitions of terms that appear in the High Cholesterol and Children article.

American Academy of Pediatrics: AAP. Its member pediatricians "dedicate their efforts and ...

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Artery: A vessel that carries blood high in oxygen content away from the heart to the far...

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Atherosclerotic: Pertaining to atherosclerosis, the process of progressive thickening and ...

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Blood pressure: The blood pressure is the pressure of the blood within the arteries. It is...

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BMI: Body mass index.

Cardiovascular: Relating to the circulatory system, which comprises the heart and blood ve...

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Cardiovascular disease: Disease affecting the heart or blood vessels.

Cell: The basic structural and functional unit of any living thing. Each cell is a small c...

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Cholesterol: The most common type of steroid in the body. Cholesterol has a reputation for...

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Clinical trials: Trials to evaluate the effectiveness and safety of medications or medical...

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Diabetes: Usually refers to diabetes mellitus or, less often, to diabetes insipidus. Diabe...

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Diabetes mellitus: More commonly referred to as "diabetes" -- a chronic disease associated...

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Dyslipidemia: A disorder of lipoprotein metabolism, including lipoprotein overproduction o...

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Essential: In medicine, of unknown cause, as in essential hypertension (high blood pressur...

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Familial: A condition that tends to occur more often in family members than is expected by...

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Family history: The family structure and relationships within the family, including inform...

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Fasting: : going without food or drink. Patients may be advised to fast for a certain peri...

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Fats: Plural of the word "fat". See the definition of fat.

Fiber: The parts of fruits and vegetables that cannot be digested. Fiber is of vital impor...

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Genetic: Having to do with genes and genetic
information.

HDL: High density lipoprotein.

HDL cholesterol: High density lipoprotein cholesterol. Lipoproteins, which are combination...

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Heart: The muscle that pumps blood received from veins into arteries throughout the body. ...

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Heart attack: The death of heart muscle due to the loss of blood supply. The loss of bloo...

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Heart disease: Any disorder that affects the heart. Sometimes the term "heart disease" is ...

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Heart muscle: A type of muscle with unique features only found in the heart. The heart mus...

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Heredity: The genetic transmission of characteristics from parent to child.

Hypertension: High blood pressure, defined as a repeatedly elevated blood pressure exceedi...

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Intervention: The act of intervening, interfering or interceding with the intent of modify...

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LDL cholesterol: Low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, commonly referred to as 'bad' choles...

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Lipid: Another word for "fat." (Please see the various meanings of fat.) A lipid is chemic...

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Lipid profile: A pattern of lipids in the blood. A lipid profile usually includes the leve...

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Lipoprotein: A molecule that is a combination of lipid and protein. Lipids do not travel i...

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Lipoproteins: Complexes of lipid and protein, the way lipids travel in the blood.

Liver: The largest solid organ in the body, situated in the upper part of the abdomen on t...

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Metabolic: Relating to metabolism, the whole range of biochemical processes that occur wit...

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Metabolic syndrome: A constellation of conditions that place people at high risk for coron...

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Muscle: Muscle is the tissue of the body which primarily functions as a source of power. T...

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NCEP: The National Cholesterol Education Program. See: National Cholesterol Education Prog...

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Nutrition: 1: The process of taking in food and using it for growth, metabolism, and repai...

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Obese: Well above one's normal weight. A person has traditionally been considered to be ob...

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Obesity: The state of being well above one's normal weight.

Organ: A relatively independent part of the body that carries out one or more special func...

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Overweight: The term "overweight" is used in two different ways. In one sense it is a way ...

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Pediatric: Pertaining to children.

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Pediatrics: The field of medicine that is concerned with the health of infants, children, ...

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Percentile: The percentage of individuals in a group who have achieved a certain quantity'...

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Peripheral: Situated away from the center, as opposed to centrally located.

Peripheral vascular disease: A disease of blood vessels outside the heart. Peripheral vasc...

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Postmenopausal: After menopause, the period of time after a woman has experienced 12 conse...

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Randomized: The use of chance alone to assign the participants in an experiment or trial t...

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Risk factor: Something that increases a person's chances of developing a disease. For exam...

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Saturated fat: A fat that contains only saturated fatty acids, is solid at room temperatur...

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Spleen: An organ that is located in the upper-left part of the abdomen, not far from the s...

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Stress: In a medical or biological context stress is a physical, mental, or emotional fact...

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Stroke: The sudden death of brain cells due to lack of oxygen, caused by blockage of blood...

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Syndrome: A combination of symptoms and signs that together represent a disease process.

Trans fat: An unhealthy substance, also known as trans fatty acid, made through the chemic...

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Triglycerides: The major form of fat stored by the body. A triglyceride consists of three ...

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Vascular: Relating to blood vessels. For example, the vascular system in the body includes...

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Yogurt: A dairy product made by fermented milk with one or more bacterial cultures. It has...

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