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Cholesterol FAQs (cont.)

What are the uncontrollable and controllable risk factors for high cholesterol?

A person can control lifestyle options to maximize their potential to control high cholesterol levels with a healthy diet, exercise, weight control, and avoiding or quitting smoking.

However, there are some situations that are beyond control of the individual. Family history and genetic predisposition to high cholesterol, aging (men older than 45 and women older than 55), and diseases that cause the liver to produce more cholesterol or prevent it from metabolizing cholesterol are risk factors for high cholesterol.These risks can be minimized by living a healthier lifestyle but may require cholesterol-lowering medication.

Medically reviewed by Robert J. Bryg, MD; Board Certified Internal Medicine with subspecialty in Cardiovascular Disease

REFERENCES:

American Heart Association. What Your Cholesterol Levels Mean.
<http://www.americanheart.org/presenter.jhtml?identifier=183>

eMedicine.com. Low HDL Cholesterol (Hypoalphalipoproteinemia): Treatment & Medication.
<http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/127943-treatment>

National Heart Lung and Blood Institute, National Institutes of Health. "Third Report of the Expert Panel on Detection, Evaluation, and Treatment of High Blood Cholesterol in Adults (Adult Treatment Panel III)."
<http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/guidelines/cholesterol/index.htm>

Author: Gary E Sander, MD, PhD, Professor, Department of Internal Medicine, Division of Cardiology, Louisiana State University School of Medicine and Medical Center. Coauthor(s): Lauri Graham, Medical Writer, eMedicine.com, Inc. Editors: Alan D Forker, MD, Program Director of Cardiovascular Fellowship, Professor of Medicine, Department of Internal Medicine, University of Missouri at Kansas City School of Medicine; Francisco Talavera, PharmD, PhD, Senior Pharmacy Editor, eMedicine; Michael E Zevitz, MD, Clinical Assistant Professor, Department of Medicine, Rosalind Franklin University of Medicine and Science, Chicago.


Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 7/22/2014

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