Choosing a Vitamin and Mineral Supplement
What is a vitamin and mineral supplement?
A vitamin and mineral supplement provides a variety of nutrients that are also found in food. These supplements are often called multivitamins. They come in the form of pills, chewable tablets, powders, and liquids.
A standard multivitamin usually contains:
Some multivitamins also contain other ingredients that aren't vitamins or minerals. These include substances such as the antioxidants lutein and lycopene.
Why take a supplement?
The best way to get the vitamins and minerals you need is by eating a wide variety of healthy foods. A supplement can't make up for unhealthy eating habits. But sometimes even people who have healthy eating habits find it hard to get all the fruits, vegetables, and other healthy foods they need. A supplement can help fill in the gaps.
Certain people are more likely to need a supplement. They include:
The Dietary Guidelines for Americans recommend fruits, vegetables, whole grains, milk and milk products, and seafood as part of a nutritious diet. Many Americans do not eat enough of these foods that provide the important nutrients calcium and vitamin D, potassium, and fiber.1
What about supplements that are labeled for certain people (such as women or seniors)?
Many supplements are advertised as being specially designed for men or for women or for certain age groups. A standard multivitamin is usually all that a healthy adult needs. But some people prefer to take a supplement that is made for their gender or age group.
Types of specialized supplements include:
What should you look for when you pick a supplement?
What should you watch out for?
When you think about buying a dietary supplement, be sure to check the claims that the manufacturers make. The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) does not regulate dietary supplements in the same way that it regulates medicines. This means that supplements can be sold without research on how well, or even if, they work.
Here are some things to consider:
eMedicineHealth Medical Reference from Healthwise
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