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Chronic Kidney Disease (cont.)

Support Groups, Counseling

American Association of Kidney Patients

American Kidney Fund

National Kidney Foundation

Medically reviewed by Martin E Zipser, MD; American board of Surgery


"Kidney Disease: Improving Global Outcomes (KDIGO)." Kidney Disease Improving Global Outcomes (KDIGO). 2008.

"National Kidney Foundation Guidelines and Commentaries." National Kidney Foundation. 2012.

"U.S. Renal Data System, USRDS 2012 Annual Data Report: Atlas of Chronic Kidney Disease and End-Stage Renal Disease in the United States." National Institutes of Health, National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases, Bethesda, MD, 2012.

Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 11/11/2014
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Chronic Kidney Disease - Symptoms

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Read What Your Physician is Reading on Medscape

Chronic Kidney Disease »

Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is characterized by an irreversible deterioration of renal function that gradually progresses to end-stage renal disease (ESRD).

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