Chronic Kidney Disease (cont.)
IN THIS ARTICLE
More Chronic Kidney Disease Overview
Chronic kidney disease
Chronic kidney disease occurs when one suffers from gradual and usually permanent loss of kidney function over time. This happens gradually, usually over months to years. Chronic kidney disease is divided into five stages of increasing severity (see Table 1 below). The term "renal" refers to the kidney, so another name for kidney failure is "renal failure." Mild kidney disease is often called renal insufficiency.
With loss of kidney function, there is an accumulation of water, waste, and toxic substances in the body that are normally excreted by the kidney. Loss of kidney function also causes other problems such as anemia, high blood pressure, acidosis (excessive acidity of body fluids), disorders of cholesterol and fatty acids, and bone disease.
Stage 5 chronic kidney disease is also referred to as kidney failure, end-stage kidney disease, or end-stage renal disease, wherein there is total or near-total loss of kidney function. There is dangerous accumulation of water, waste, and toxic substances, and most individuals in this stage of kidney disease need dialysis or transplantation to stay alive.
Unlike chronic kidney disease, acute kidney failure develops rapidly, over days or weeks.
Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 12/28/2015
Pranay Kathuria, MD, FACP, FASN, FNKF
YOU MAY ALSO LIKE
Must Read Articles Related to Chronic Kidney Disease
Patient Comments & Reviews
The eMedicineHealth doctors ask about Kidney Disease:
Chronic Kidney Disease - Symptoms
What symptoms did you experience with your chronic kidney disease?
Chronic Kidney Disease - Treatment
What was the treatment for your chronic kidney disease?
Chronic Kidney Disease - Prognosis
What is your chronic kidney disease prognosis?
Chronic Kidney Disease - Patient Experience
Please describe your experience with chronic kidney disease.
- Early Care for Your Premature Baby
- What to Eat When You Have Cancer
- When to Take More Pain Medication