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Chronic Kidney Disease (cont.)

How Common Is Chronic Kidney Disease?

  • Chronic kidney disease is a growing health problem in the United States. Approximately 26 million Americans have chronic kidney disease. The United States Renal Data Systems 2009 Annual Data Report determined that 15.1% of all adults above the age of 20 years have chronic kidney disease. Thus, 1 in 7 individuals has kidney disease.
  • There were over 570,000 persons on dialysis or who had received kidney transplants in 2009; 116,395 patients either began dialysis or received a kidney transplant in 2009.
  • CKD prevalence appears to have declined slightly, from 15.8% (2001 to 2004) to 15.1% (2005 to 2008). However, the absolute numbers of CKD patients is expected to grow with an aging population and increasing life span.
  • Kidney disease is more common among Hispanic, African American, Asian or Pacific Islander, and Native American people.
  • Older age, female gender, diabetes, hypertension, and cardiovascular disease are associated with a higher incidence of chronic kidney disease.
  • Twenty-six percent of people age 60 or older have stage 3 to stage 5 chronic kidney disease.
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Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is characterized by an irreversible deterioration of renal function that gradually progresses to end-stage renal disease (ESRD).

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