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Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) (cont.)

COPD Prognosis

Patient Comments

For people with mild COPD, the prognosis is favorable. More severe cases of COPD suggest a worse prognosis. Of those people who are admitted to the ICU with an acute exacerbation, the death rate is 24%. This rate doubles for people aged 65 years or older. The predictors of death due to COPD are as follows:

  • Aging
  • Continued smoking
  • Accelerated decline in FEV1
  • Moderate-to-severe airflow obstruction
  • Poor bronchodilator response
  • Severe hypoxemia
  • Presence of hypercapnia (increased arterial carbon dioxide tension)
  • Development of cor pulmonale (right-sided heart failure)
  • Overall poor functional capacity

COPD Pictures

Healthy Lung
Healthy Lung

Picture of Bronchitis
Picture of Bronchitis

Picture of Asthma
Picture of Asthma

Support Groups and Counseling

American Lung Association
61 Broadway, 6th Floor
New York, NY 10006
(212) 315-8700

Medically reviewed by James E Gerace, MD; American Board of Internal Medicine with subspecialty in Pulmonary Disease


Albert, et al. Azithromycin for Prevention of Exacerbations of COPD. NEJM 2011;365:689-698.

Badrul A. Chowdhury, M.D. et al. The Risks and Benefits of Indacaterol - The FDA's Review. N Engl J Med 2011; 365:2247-2249. December 15, 2011.

Cahill K, Stead LF, Lancaster T (2012). "Nicotine receptor partial agonists for smoking cessation". Cochrane Database Syst Rev 4: CD006103. FDA Approves Breo Ellipta to treat chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. FDA approves a new drug to treat chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.

Global Initiative for Chronic Obstructive Lung Disease. Updated 2010.

Hopkinson, N, Bronchoscopic lung volume reduction: indications, effects and propects. Current Opinion in Pulmonary Medicine March 2007; vol 13; issue 2 ;125-130.

Lahzami, S., Aubert, JD; Lung trasnplantation for COPD-evidence-based? Swiss Med Wkly. 2009; Jan 10;139(1-2);4-8.

Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 1/22/2015

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Patient Comments & Reviews

The eMedicineHealth doctors ask about Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD):

Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease - Symptoms

The symptoms of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease can vary greatly from patient to patient. What were your symptoms at the onset of your disease?

COPD - Prognosis

What is your COPD prognosis?

COPD - Experience

Please describe your experience with COPD.

COPD - Diagnosis

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COPD - Medications

What medications have been effective in treating your COPD?

COPD - Home Remedies

What home remedies have been effective in treating your COPD?

COPD - Causes

What caused your COPD?

COPD - Treatment

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Read What Your Physician is Reading on Medscape

Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease »

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a devastating disorder that causes a huge degree of human suffering.

Read More on Medscape Reference »

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