Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) (cont.)
IN THIS ARTICLE
The goal of the treatment of COPD is to improve the patient's daily living and quality of life by preventing symptoms and exacerbations, thereby preserving optimal lung function.
If a person is diagnosed with COPD, a health care professional will educate the patient about the disease. The patient will be encouraged to actively participate in their treatment program.
COPD Self-Care at Home
Patient Comment Read 1 Comment
Smoking cessation is the most important thing a person can do to improve their condition. Stopping smoking can improve COPD symptoms.
Most patients with COPD are currently smoking or have smoked in the past. A plan to stop smoking is an essential part of a comprehensive treatment plan. Smoking cessation success rates, however, are low because of the following:
Setting a quit date may be helpful. A health care professional will participate with the patient by setting a target date and by scheduling follow-up visits.
The transition from smoking to not smoking occurs in five stages:
The process of smoking cessation involves multiple interventions. Smoking intervention programs include the following:
Successful cessation programs typically use the following resources and tools:
Many people with COPD are unable to enjoy life to the fullest because of shortness of breath, physical limitations, and inactivity. Pulmonary rehabilitation programs are designed to improve quality of life by decreasing airflow limitation, preventing secondary medical complications, and alleviating respiratory symptoms.
Pulmonary rehabilitation programs are first conducted in an outpatient setting and then can be continued at home. Guidelines for continuing this program at home will be provided to the patient. A rehabilitation program may include a number of components and will be tailored to the patient's needs.
COPD Medical Treatment
The three major goals of the comprehensive treatment of COPD are as follows:
Acute exacerbation of COPD is one of the major reasons for hospital admission in the United States.
The patient may need to be hospitalized if they develop severe respiratory dysfunction, if the disease progresses, or if they have other serious respiratory diseases (for example, pneumonia, acute bronchitis). The purpose of hospitalization is to treat symptoms and to prevent further deterioration.
The patient may be admitted to an intensive care unit (ICU) if they require invasive or noninvasive mechanical ventilation or if they have the following symptoms:
Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 1/22/2015
YOU MAY ALSO LIKE
Must Read Articles Related to Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD)
Patient Comments & Reviews
The eMedicineHealth doctors ask about Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD):
Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease - Symptoms
The symptoms of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease can vary greatly from patient to patient. What were your symptoms at the onset of your disease?
COPD - Prognosis
What is your COPD prognosis?
COPD - Experience
Please describe your experience with COPD.
COPD - Diagnosis
How was your COPD diagnosed?
COPD - Medications
What medications have been effective in treating your COPD?
COPD - Home Remedies
What home remedies have been effective in treating your COPD?
COPD - Causes
What caused your COPD?
COPD - Treatment
What was the treatment for your COPD?
Lung Disease/COPD Resources
- 10 Symptoms of a COPD Flare-Up
- Are You At Risk for COPD?
- How To Handle Lung Cancer Treatment Side Effects