Cigarette Smoking (cont.)
Authors and Editors
Melissa Conrad Stöppler, MD
Charles Patrick Davis, MD, PhD
REFERENCES:Last Editorial Review: 3/29/2012
American Cancer Society. Cigarette Smoking.
American Lung Association. Tobacco Industry Marketing.
Centers for Disease Control. Tobacco Use.
FDA.gov. Cigarette Warning Labels.
Gundel, L., et al., Formation of carcinogens indoors
by surface-mediated reactions of nicotine with nitrous acid, leading to
potential thirdhand smoke hazards. PNAS, doi: 10.1073/pnas.0912820107, 2010
Must Read Articles Related to Cigarette Smoking
Cancer of the Mouth and Throat
Cancer of the mouth and throat may look like an ulcer or a sore on the tongue, lips, inside lining of the cheeks, and other structures. Tobacco use, sun exposur...learn more >>
Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD)
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a lung condition in which there is a long-lasting obstruction of the airways, and occurs with emphysema, chronic...learn more >>
Emphysema a long-term, progressive disease of the lungs. The most common symptom of emphysema is shortness of breath. Causes and risk factors for emphysema incl...learn more >>