Clostridium Difficile (C. difficile, C. diff, Antibiotic Related Colitis) Glossary of Terms

The following are health and medical definitions of terms that appear in the Clostridium Difficile (C. difficile, C. diff, Antibiotic Related Colitis) article.

Abdomen: The belly, that part of the body that contains all of the structures between the...

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Abdominal: Relating to the abdomen, the belly, that part of the body that contains all of ...

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Abdominal pain: Pain in the belly. Abdominal pain can be acute or chronic. It may reflect ...

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Acquired: Not inherited, or present at birth (congenital), but developing after birth. For...

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Analysis: In psychology, a term for conversation-based therapeutic processes used to gain ...

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Antibiotic: A drug used to treat infections caused by bacteria and other microorganisms. ...

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Antitoxin: An antibody capable of destroying microorganisms including viruses and bacteri...

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Bacteria: Single-celled microorganisms that can exist either as independent (free-living) ...

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Bacterial: Of or pertaining to bacteria, as in a bacterial lung infection.

Bacterium: The singular of bacteria.

Blood count: The calculated number of white or red blood cells (WBCs or RBCs) in a cubic m...

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Blood pressure: The blood pressure is the pressure of the blood within the arteries. It is...

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Botulism: An uncommon but potentially very serious illness, a type of food poisoning, that...

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Bowel: The small and large intestine.

CBC: A commonly used abbreviation in medicine that stands for complete blood count, a set...

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Cell: The basic structural and functional unit of any living thing. Each cell is a small c...

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Chronic: In medicine, lasting a long time. A chronic condition is one that lasts 3 months ...

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Clostridium: A group of anaerobic bacteria (bacteria that thrive in the absence of oxygen)...

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Clostridium botulinum: A group of gram-positive, rod-shaped bacteria commonly found...

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Clostridium difficile: A bacterium that is one of the most common causes of infection of t...

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Colitis: Inflammation of the large intestine (the colon). There are many forms of coliti...

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Colon: The long, coiled, tubelike organ that removes water from digested food. The remaini...

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Colonic: 1. See: Colonic (adjective). 2. See: Colonic (noun).

Colonoscopy: A procedure whereby a physician inserts a viewing tube (colonoscope) into the...

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Complete blood count: A set values of the cellular (formed elements) of blood. These meas...

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Dehydration: Excessive loss of body water. Diseases of the gastrointestinal tract that ca...

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Diagnosis: 1 The nature of a disease; the identification of an illness. 2 A ...

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Diarrhea: A common condition that involves unusually frequent and liquid bowel movements. ...

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Distention: The state of being distended, enlarged, swollen from internal pressure.

Endoscope: A lighted optical instrument that is used to get a deep look inside the body. A...

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Enema: Liquid injected into the rectum. An enema may be used for therapeutic (such as to s...

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Fatigue: A condition characterized by a lessened capacity for work and reduced efficiency ...

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Fecal: Relating to the feces, the stool. The excrement discharged from the intestines.

Feces: The excrement discharged from the 'intestines.

Fever: Although a fever technically is any body temperature above the normal of 98.6 degr...

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Flora: The population of microbes inhabiting the outside or inside surfaces of people (or ...

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Gastric: Having to do with the stomach.

Gastroenterology: The medical specialty devoted to the study, diagnosis and treatment of d...

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Heart: The muscle that pumps blood received from veins into arteries throughout the body. ...

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Heart rate: The number of heartbeats per unit of time, usually per minute. The heart rate ...

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ICU: Intensive care unit. The intensive care unit is a designated area of a hospital facil...

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Immunoglobulin: A protein produced by plasma cells and lymphocytes and characteristic of t...

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Incidence: The frequency with which something, such as a disease or trait, appears in a pa...

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Infection: The invasion and multiplication of microorganisms such as bacteria, viruses, an...

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Inflammation: A localized reaction that produces redness, warmth, swelling, and pain as a ...

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Internal medicine: The medical specialty dedicated to the diagnosis and medical treatment ...

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Intravenous immunoglobulin: A sterile solution of concentrated antibodies extracted from h...

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Laboratory: A place for doing tests and research procedures, and for preparing chemicals a...

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Lactobacillus: A bacterium normally found in the mouth, intestinal tract, and vagina. Lact...

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Leukocytosis: A condition in which the number of white blood cells is higher than normal.

Megacolon: An abnormally enlarged colon. Megacolon can arise as a serious congenital probl...

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Metabolic: Relating to metabolism, the whole range of biochemical processes that occur wit...

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Mouth: 1. The upper opening of the digestive tract, beginning with the lips and con...

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MPH: Master of public health, a degree designating successful training in analyzing past, ...

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Nausea: Stomach queasiness, the urge to vomit. Nausea can be brought on by many causes, in...

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Nursing: 1) Profession concerned with the provision of services essential to the maintena...

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Nursing home: A residential facility for people with chronic illness or disability, partic...

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Pain: An unpleasant sensation that can range from mild, localized discomfort to agony. Pa...

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Probiotics: live microorganisms (usually bacteria) that are similar to beneficial microor...

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Prognosis: The forecast of the probable outcome or course of a disease; the patient's chan...

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Pseudomembranous colitis: Severe inflammation of the inner lining of the colon. Pseudomemb...

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Rectum: The last 6 to 8 inches of the large intestine. The rectum stores solid waste until...

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Recur: To occur again; to return. For example, a symptom, sign, or disease can recur.

Recurrence: The return of a sign, symptom, or disease after a remission. The reappearance ...

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Recurrent: Appearing or occurring again. For example, a recurrent fever is a fever that ha...

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Refractory: Not yielding, or not yielding readily, to treatment.

Relapse: The return of signs and symptoms of a disease after a remission.

Resolution: In genetics, the degree of molecular detail on a physical map of DNA. Resoluti...

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Risk factor: Something that increases a person's chances of developing a disease. For exam...

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Scan: As a noun, the data or image obtained from the examination of organs or regions of...

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Sepsis: The presence of bacteria (bacteremia), other infectious organisms, or toxins creat...

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Septic: Infected, or denoting infection. For example, septic shock is shock that is caused...

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Shock: In medicine, a critical condition that is brought on by a sudden drop in blood flow...

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Sigmoidoscopy: A procedure in which a physician inserts a viewing tube (sigmoidoscope) int...

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Stool: The solid matter that is discharged in a bowel movement.

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Strain: 1. An injury to a tendon or muscle resulting from overuse or trauma. 2. A heredita...

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Streptococcus: A group of bacteria that causes a multitude of diseases. Under a microscope...

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Sulfonamides: The sulfa-related group of antibiotics, which are used to treat bacterial in...

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Supportive care: Treatment given to prevent, control, or relieve complications and side ef...

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Surgery: The branch of medicine that employs operations in the treatment of disease or inj...

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Symptom: Any subjective evidence of disease. In contrast, a sign is objective. Blood comin...

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Tetanus: An often fatal infectious disease that is caused by the bacterium Clostridium tet...

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Therapy: The treatment of disease. Therapy is synonymous with treatment.

Toxin: A poison produced by certain animals, plants, or bacteria.

WBC: White blood cell.

White blood cell: One of the cells the body makes to help fight infections. There are seve...

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White blood cell count (leukocyte count): The number of white blood cells (WBCs) in the b...

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