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Cocaine Abuse (cont.)

Authors and Editors

Author: Roxanne Dryden-Edwards, MD

Editor: Melissa Conrad Stöppler, MD, Chief Medical Editor,

Previous contributing author and editors:

Author: Carmelito (Sonny) Arkangel Jr, MD, Assistant Professor, Department of Surgery, Division of Emergency Medicine, University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio.

Editors: Marian Gambrell, MD, Clinical Assistant Professor, Department of Emergency Medicine, St Lukes-Roosevelt Hospital Center, Columbia University; Francisco Talavera, PharmD, PhD, Senior Pharmacy Editor, eMedicine; Steven L Bernstein, MD, Vice-Chair, Academic Affairs, Department of Emergency Medicine, Newark Beth Israel Medical Center; Assistant Professor, Department of Emergency Medicine, Mt Sinai School of Medicine.


American Psychiatric Association. Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 4th Edition, Text Revision. Washington, D.C.: American Psychiatric Association, 2000.

Dackis, C.A., and C.P. O'Brien. "Cocaine dependence: a disease of the brain's reward centers." Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment 21.3 Oct. 2001: 111-117.

O'Malley, P.M., and L.D. Johnston. "Epidemiology of alcohol and other drug use among American college students." Journal of Studies on Alcohol 114 Mar. 2002: 23-39.

Volkow, N.D. "Cocaine: abuse and addiction." National Institute on Drug Abuse. 2010.

Last Editorial Review: 1/10/2012

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Toxicity, Cocaine »

Cocaine is derived from Erythroxylon coca, a shrub endemic to the Andes, Mexico, West Indies, and Indonesia.

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