Cocaine Abuse (cont.)
Cocaine Abuse Treatment
Self-Care at Home
First and foremost, the cocaine abuser must stop using the drug and other drugs that accompany its use. Not many complications of cocaine use can be treated at home. The most common complications are psychiatric in nature.
- Anxiety, mild agitation, loss of appetite, insomnia, irritability, mild panic attacks, mild depression, and mild headaches could probably be treated at home by stopping the use of the drug and observing the user.
- Runny noses, nasal congestion, and brief nosebleeds
can be also be cared for at home by stopping the drug, increasing the humidity
of the air breathed in with vaporizers and humidifiers, and direct nasal
pressure for 10 minutes to stop the nosebleed. Apply a topical antibiotic such as bacitracin
or petroleum jelly to help with the drying and crusting. Avoid nose picking.
- The chronic cough or coughing up of black, nonbloody phlegm can be treated again by cessation of cocaine smoking and other drugs such as
tobacco or marijuana. Over-the-counter cough medicines containing the ingredient guaifenesin, the active compound in Robitussin, plus increased water drinking may help.
- IV drug users who do not stop using cocaine may lower their exposure to communicable diseases and infection by not reusing or sharing needles. Cleansing the skin properly prior to the injection also decreases risk of infection.
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