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Cognitive Deficits (cont.)

Self-Care at Home for Cognitive Deficits

Patient Comments

Some children and adults with cognitive deficits might need only minimal support at home, while others with more significant deficits may need more help. A parent or caregiver should focus early on helping a child to develop skills to care for himself or herself.

Knowing the developmental abilities of a child is helpful to ensure that learning and adaptive demands are reasonable and that appropriate supports are in place to help the child be successful.

Medical Treatment for Cognitive Deficits

No medical treatment exists for cognitive deficits; however, the following may be indicated:

  • Nutritional interventions may be required for some individuals with specific disorders, including phenylketonuria, galactosemia, and maple syrup urine disease.
  • Medications are commonly used in children and adults with intellectual disability to treat psychiatric disorders and behavior problems.
  • A doctor may pay special attention to the common medical complications associated with specific disabilities (for example, cardiac, ophthalmologic, endocrine, orthopedic, and hematologic complications in Down syndrome).
  • Some children with cognitive deficits have an increased risk of other medical problems including seizure disorders, sensory impairments (particularly visual deficits), cerebral palsy, feeding problems, and failure to thrive.
Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 12/9/2015
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Patient Comments & Reviews

The eMedicineHealth doctors ask about Cognitive Deficits:

Cognitive Deficits - Experience

Please describe your experience with cognitive deficits.

Cognitive Deficits - Symptoms

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Cognitive Deficits - Self-Care at Home

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Read What Your Physician is Reading on Medscape

Cognitive Deficits »

Cognitive deficits in children range from profound mental retardation with minimal functioning to mild impairment in specific operations.

Read More on Medscape Reference »

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