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Cognitive Deficits (cont.)

Other Therapies for Cognitive Deficits

A variety of therapists and services, including nursing services, occupational therapy, physical therapy, the use of adaptive equipment, speech-language therapy, nutritional counseling, audiology services, psychological intervention, recreation therapy, and social work services, can be used to treat the associated impairments sometimes seen with cognitive disabilities. Regular and special education teachers provide educational services. As adolescents and adults, individuals with cognitive disabilities may require employment services and work/vocational programs; access to social, recreational, and leisure activities (for example, Special Olympics); skills training; and assisted living services.

Some of these services might be provided as a medical benefit or through the school system if an educational need is determined.

Cognitive Deficits Follow-up

If a child has or may have a genetic syndrome, a periodic evaluation with a geneticist is useful to see if new syndromes or treatments have been discovered.

If a child is diagnosed with a developmental delay as a toddler or preschooler, a cognitive assessment is important when the child reaches school age to obtain an accurate IQ score.

Prevention of Cognitive Deficits

Genetic counseling might be useful in family planning and in identifying hereditary conditions that may cause cognitive deficits.

Early and frequent prenatal care helps to ensure that fetal malnutrition does not occur. Prenatal care also helps to identify certain factors that might increase the risk of subsequent cognitive impairment such as prematurity and spina bifida.

Ethanol-related birth defects represent the most common preventable form of intellectual disability for children in developed countries. An estimated 8% of all cases of mild intellectual disability are a result of prenatal exposure to alcohol.

Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 12/9/2015
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Read What Your Physician is Reading on Medscape

Cognitive Deficits »

Cognitive deficits in children range from profound mental retardation with minimal functioning to mild impairment in specific operations.

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