Cognitive Deficits (cont.)
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Exams and Tests
A psychologist is able to diagnose a cognitive deficit by conducting series of tests that assess the cognitive development of the child.
In addition to cognitive testing, an assessment of adaptive function is necessary. The Vineland Adaptive Behavior Scales measure a child's level of independent functioning, providing a percentile score that compares the child to other children of similar age.
In addition to cognitive and adaptive function tests, a doctor might recommend a medical evaluation. This may include hearing and vision tests and lab tests, such as a blood lead level test, a screening for thyroid function, a high-resolution chromosome analysis, a DNA probe for fragile X syndrome, or all of the above. An MRI of the brain may be necessary to look for differences in the brain that might help explain a cognitive deficit. Sometimes, a consultation with a geneticist might be helpful to determine if the child has a genetic syndrome and, if so, to help in family planning.
Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 7/22/2014
Georgina Peacock, MD
Elizabeth A Finley-Belgrad, MD
Mary L Windle, PharmD
Cynthia R Ellis, MDr
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Cognitive Deficits - Experience
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