Cognitive Deficits (cont.)
No medical treatment exists for cognitive deficits; however, the following may be indicated:
- Nutritional interventions may be required for some individuals with specific disorders, including phenylketonuria, galactosemia, and maple syrup urine disease.
- Medications are commonly used in children and adults with intellectual disability to treat psychiatric disorders and behavior problems.
- A doctor may pay special attention to the common medical complications associated with specific disabilities (for example, cardiac, ophthalmologic, endocrine, orthopedic, and hematologic complications in Down syndrome).
- Some children with cognitive deficits have an increased risk of other medical problems including seizure disorders, sensory impairments (particularly visual deficits), cerebral palsy, feeding problems, and failure to thrive.
Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 7/22/2014
Elizabeth A Finley-Belgrad, MD
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