Font Size
A
A
A
...
9
...

Cognitive Deficits (cont.)

Medications

Symptoms of cognitive deficits such as aggression, sleep problems, attention deficits, and anxiety can be treated with medication in addition to behavioral approaches. Medication is commonly used in children and adults with cognitive deficits for the treatment of psychiatric disorders as well as behavior problems. In general, medication therapy is used in combination with behavioral treatments and is considered to be only one component of a broad treatment plan.

Examples of such medications include the following:

  • Attentional deficits: Stimulants such as methylphenidate (Ritalin) or dextroamphetamine
  • Aggression, irritability, stereotypy:-Clonidine, guanfacine, and antipsychotics such as risperidone
  • Anxiety: BuSpar, bupropion (Wellbutrin) and SSRIs such as fluoxetine (Prozac) or sertraline (Zoloft) (SSRIs have recently received a black box warning from the US Food and Drug Administration. These medications may increase the risk of suicidal thinking and behavior in children and should be used with caution.)
  • Sleep: Melatonin, clonidine
Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 7/22/2014
Medical Author:
Medical Editor:
Medical Editor:
Medical Editor:

Must Read Articles Related to Cognitive Deficits

Dementia
Dementia Overview Dementia is the loss of reasoning, memory, and other mental abilities. Dementia may be caused by irreversible as well as treatable causes. A variety of tests (b...learn more >>
Huntington Disease Dementia
Huntington Disease Dementia Huntington disease (HD) is a devastating disorder that destroys nerve cells (neurons) in parts of the brain. It also lowers levels of chemicals called neurotran...learn more >>
Stroke-Related Dementia
Stroke-Related Dementia Stroke (“brain attack”) is a disease of the blood vessels in and around the brain. It occurs when part of the brain does not receive enough blood to...learn more >>

Patient Comments & Reviews

The eMedicineHealth doctors ask about Cognitive Deficits:

Cognitive Deficits - Experience

Please describe your experience with cognitive deficits.

Cognitive Deficits - Symptoms

What were the symptoms of your cognitive deficits?

Cognitive Deficits - Self-Care at Home

What was the self-care at home for your cognitive deficits?




Read What Your Physician is Reading on Medscape

Cognitive Deficits »

Cognitive deficits in children range from profound mental retardation with minimal functioning to mild impairment in specific operations.

Read More on Medscape Reference »


Medical Dictionary