Cognitive Deficits Topic Guide
Cognitive Deficits: Cognitive deficits (intellectual disability) begin in childhood and cause impaired ability to learn and function. Impairment level is categorized as mild, moderate, severe, or profound. Causes include genetic abnormalities such as Down syndrome, premature birth, exposure to toxins, and others. Symptoms include developmental delay, behavioral issues, or difficulties in school. There is no specific treatment, but some may benefit from dietary changes, medications, and therapies.
Dementia Dementia is the loss of reasoning, memory, and other mental abilities. Dementia may be caused by irreversible as well as treatable causes. A variety of tests (blood tests, scans, assessment of family history) may be used to diagnose dementia. Treatment may include medication and behavioral therapy. Most cases of dementia tend to progress unless the underlying cause is treatable and reversible.