Cognitive Deficits Topic Guide
Cognitive Deficits: Cognitive deficits (intellectual disability) begin in childhood and cause impaired ability to learn and function. Impairment level is categorized as mild, moderate, severe, or profound. Causes include genetic abnormalities such as Down syndrome, premature birth, exposure to toxins, and others. Symptoms include developmental delay, behavioral issues, or difficulties in school. There is no specific treatment, but some may benefit from dietary changes, medications, and therapies.