Colic Glossary of Terms

The following are health and medical definitions of terms that appear in the Colic article.

Abdomen: The belly, that part of the body that contains all of the structures between the...

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Allergy: A misguided reaction to foreign substances by the immune system, the body system ...

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Anxiety: A feeling of apprehension and fear, characterized by physical symptoms such as pa...

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Belching: A normal process of releasing through the mouth air that accumulates in the stom...

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Breast milk: Milk from the breast. Human milk contains a balance of nutrients that close...

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Breastfeeding: Feeding a child human breast milk. According to the American Academy of Ped...

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Breathing: The process of respiration, during which air is inhaled into the lungs through ...

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Caffeine: A stimulant compound found naturally in coffee, tea, cocoa (chocolate), and kola...

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Carbohydrate: One of the three nutrient compounds, along with fat and protein, used as ene...

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Chamomile: An herb often used in the form of a tea as a sedative.

Colic: A cause of crampy abdominal pain in early infancy. Colic is a common condition, occ...

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Coma: A state of deep, unarousable unconsciousness. A coma may occur as a result of head t...

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Diagnosis: 1 The nature of a disease; the identification of an illness. 2 A ...

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Due date: The estimated calendar date when a baby is due to be born. Also called the estim...

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Emergency department: The department of a hospital responsible for the provision of medica...

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Family medicine: Also called family practice. The medical specialty which provides continu...

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Fever: Although a fever technically is any body temperature above the normal of 98.6 degr...

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Gastroesophageal: Pertaining to both the stomach and the esophagus, as in the gastroesopha...

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Gastroesophageal reflux: The return of stomach contents back up into the esophagus This fr...

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Genetic: Having to do with genes and genetic
information.

GERD: Gastroesophageal reflux disease.

Herbal: 1. An adjective, referring to herbs, as in an herbal tea.
2. A...

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Infant: A young baby, from birth to 12 months of age.

Infection: The invasion and multiplication of microorganisms such as bacteria, viruses, an...

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Laboratory: A place for doing tests and research procedures, and for preparing chemicals a...

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Metabolic: Relating to metabolism, the whole range of biochemical processes that occur wit...

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MRI: Magnetic resonance imaging.

Multifactorial: In medicine, referring to multiple factors in heredity or disease. For exa...

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Onset: In medicine, the first appearance of the signs or symptoms of an illness as, for ex...

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Pacifier: An artificial nipple, usually made of plastic, upon which an infant can suck to ...

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Pain: An unpleasant sensation that can range from mild, localized discomfort to agony. Pa...

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Pathologic: 1. Indicative of or caused by disease, as in a pathologic fracture, pat...

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Pharmacy: A location where prescription medications are sold. A pharmacy is constantly sup...

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Pregnant: The state of carrying a developing fetus within the body.

Prognosis: The forecast of the probable outcome or course of a disease; the patient's chan...

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Protein: One of the three nutrients used as energy sources (calories) by the body. Protein...

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Radiology: The medical specialty concerned with radiation for the diagnosis and treatment ...

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Reflux: The term used when liquid backs up into the esophagus from the stomach.

Resolution: In genetics, the degree of molecular detail on a physical map of DNA. Resoluti...

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Rule out: Term used in medicine, meaning to eliminate or exclude something from considera...

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Sleep: The body's rest cycle.

Soothing: Bringing comfort, solace, reassurance, peace, composure, quietude.

Ultrasound: High-frequency sound waves. Ultra-sound waves can be bounced off tissues by us...

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X-ray: High-energy radiation with waves shorter than those of visible light. X-ray is used...

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Medical Dictionary