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Colitis (cont.)

What are the symptoms of colitis?

Symptoms of colitis will depend upon the type of colitis a person has, but in general, colitis most often is associated with abdominal pain and diarrhea.

Other symptoms of colitis that may or may not be present include

  • Blood in the bowel movement may be present depending on the underlying disease. Diarrhea can sometimes cause hemorrhoids, which can bleed. However, blood with a bowel movement is not normal and the affected person should contact their health-care professional or seek other medical care.
  • The constant urge to have a bowel movement (tenesmus).
  • The abdominal pain may come in waves, building to diarrhea, and then waning.
  • There may be constant pain.
  • Fever, chills, and other signs of infection and inflammation may be present depending upon the cause of colitis.

What are the types of colitis?

Patient Comments

There are many types of colitis. The most common include:

  • Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) colitis (Crohn's disease or ulcerative colitis)
  • Microscopic colitis
  • Chemical colitis
  • Ischemic colitis
  • Infectious colitis (food poisoning caused by infections, and infections caused by parasites or bacteria)
  • Medication caused colitis
Picture of the Colon Anatomy and From Areas Where Rectal Bleeding Arises
Picture of the Colon Anatomy and from Areas Where Rectal Bleeding Arises
Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 6/20/2016

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Patient Comments & Reviews

The eMedicineHealth doctors ask about Colitis (Symptoms, Types, and Treatments):

Colitis - Treatment

What was the treatment for your colitis?

Colitis - Symptoms and Signs

What symptoms and signs did you experience with colitis?

Colitis - Describe Your Experience

Please describe your experience with Colitis.

Colitis - Types

What type of colitis do you have? Please share your experience with symptoms, diagnosis, and treatments.


Read What Your Physician is Reading on Medscape

Colitis »

Colitis is an inflammation of the colon. It may be associated with enteritis (inflammation of the intestine) and/or proctitis (inflammation of the rectum).

Read More on Medscape Reference »


Medical Dictionary