Collapsed Lung (Pneumothorax) Glossary of Terms

The following are health and medical definitions of terms that appear in the Collapsed Lung (Pneumothorax) article.

Abnormal: Outside the expected norm, or uncharacteristic of a particular patient.

Adhesion: The union of two opposing tissue surfaces. This term is often used to refer to t...

See the entire definition of Adhesion

Aspiration: Removal of a sample of fluid and cells through a needle. Aspiration also re...

See the entire definition of Aspiration

Asthma: A common lung disorder in which inflammation causes the bronchi to swell and narro...

See the entire definition of Asthma

Biopsy: The removal of a sample of tissue for examination under a microscope to check for ...

See the entire definition of Biopsy

Blood pressure: The blood pressure is the pressure of the blood within the arteries. It is...

See the entire definition of Blood pressure

Brain: The portion of the central nervous system that is located within the skull. It func...

See the entire definition of Brain

Breathing: The process of respiration, during which air is inhaled into the lungs through ...

See the entire definition of Breathing

Bronchitis: Inflammation and swelling of the bronchi. Bronchitis can be acute or chronic.

Cardiovascular: Relating to the circulatory system, which comprises the heart and blood ve...

See the entire definition of Cardiovascular

Cardiovascular system: The heart and blood vessels. Also known as circulatory system.

Catheter: A thin, flexible tube.

Chest: The area of the body located between the neck and the abdomen. The chest contains t...

See the entire definition of Chest

Chest pain: Pain in the chest that can be a result of many things, including angina, heart...

See the entire definition of Chest pain

Chest X-ray: A type of X-ray commonly used to detect abnormalities in the lungs. A chest X...

See the entire definition of Chest X-ray back to top

Chronic: In medicine, lasting a long time. A chronic condition is one that lasts 3 months ...

See the entire definition of Chronic

Chronic bronchitis: Inflammation and swelling of the lining of the airways, leading to nar...

See the entire definition of Chronic bronchitis

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease: COPD. Any disorder that persistently obstructs bron...

See the entire definition of Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease

Collapsed lung: Failure of full expansion of a once fully expanded lung. Medically cal...

See the entire definition of Collapsed lung

Complication: In medicine, an unanticipated problem that arises following, and is a result...

See the entire definition of Complication

COPD: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Any disorder that persistently obstructs bron...

See the entire definition of COPD

Cough: A rapid expulsion of air from the lungs, typically in order to clear the lung airwa...

See the entire definition of Cough

CT scan: Computerized tomography scan. Pictures of structures within the body created by a...

See the entire definition of CT scan

Cyanosis: A bluish color of the skin and the mucous membranes due to insufficient oxygen i...

See the entire definition of Cyanosis

Cystic fibrosis: A common grave genetic disease that affects the exocrine glands and is ch...

See the entire definition of Cystic fibrosis

Decompression: 1. In general, the removal of pressure.
2. In surgery, ...

See the entire definition of Decompression

Diagnosis: 1 The nature of a disease; the identification of an illness. 2 A ...

See the entire definition of Diagnosis

Dysfunction: Difficult function or abnormal function.

Emergency department: The department of a hospital responsible for the provision of medica...

See the entire definition of Emergency department

Emphysema: 1) A lung condition featuring an abnormal accumulation of air in the lung's ma...

See the entire definition of Emphysema back to top

Fracture: A break in bone or cartilage. Although usually a result of trauma, a fracture ca...

See the entire definition of Fracture

Heart: The muscle that pumps blood received from veins into arteries throughout the body. ...

See the entire definition of Heart

Hemoptysis: Spitting up blood or blood-tinged sputum from the respiratory tract. Hemoptysi...

See the entire definition of Hemoptysis

Incision: A cut through skin or other tissue performed by a health care professional.

Infection: The invasion and multiplication of microorganisms such as bacteria, viruses, an...

See the entire definition of Infection

Injury: Harm or hurt. To harm, hurt, or wound. The word injure may be in physical or emot...

See the entire definition of Injury

Insertion: A chromosome abnormality that is due to insertion of a segment from one chromos...

See the entire definition of Insertion

Low blood pressure: Any blood pressure that is below the normal expected for an individua...

See the entire definition of Low blood pressure

Lungs: The lungs are a pair of breathing organs located with the chest which remove carbon...

See the entire definition of Lungs

Neck: The part of the body joining the head to the shoulders. Also, any narrow or constric...

See the entire definition of Neck

Nerve: A bundle of fibers that uses electrical and chemical signals to transmit sensory an...

See the entire definition of Nerve

Opportunistic infection: An infection that occurs because of a weakened immune system. O...

See the entire definition of Opportunistic infection

Outpatient: A patient who is not hospitalized, but instead comes to a physician?s office, ...

See the entire definition of Outpatient

Oxygen: The odorless gas that is present in the air and necessary to maintain life. Oxygen...

See the entire definition of Oxygen

Oxygenation: The addition of oxygen to any system, including the human body. Oxygenation m...

See the entire definition of Oxygenation back to top

Pain: An unpleasant sensation that can range from mild, localized discomfort to agony. Pa...

See the entire definition of Pain

PCP: Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia.

Perfusion: A chemotherapy technique that may be used when melanoma occurs on an arm or leg...

See the entire definition of Perfusion

Pleura: One of the two membranes around the lungs. These two membranes are called the visc...

See the entire definition of Pleura

Pleural: Pertaining to the pleura, the thin covering that protects the lungs. The term "pl...

See the entire definition of Pleural

Pleural space: The tiny area between the two layers of the pleura (the thin covering that...

See the entire definition of Pleural space

Pleurodesis: A procedure that causes the membranes around the lungs to stick together and ...

See the entire definition of Pleurodesis

Pneumocystis: Pneumocystis jiroveci (previously classified as Pneumocystis carinii), the o...

See the entire definition of Pneumocystis

Pneumocystis carinii: Now called Pneumocystis jiroveci. See: Pneumocystis.

Pneumonia: Inflammation of one or both lungs, with dense areas of lung inflammation. Pneum...

See the entire definition of Pneumonia

Pneumothorax: Free air in the chest outside the lung. Pneumothorax can occur spontaneously...

See the entire definition of Pneumothorax

Prognosis: The forecast of the probable outcome or course of a disease; the patient's chan...

See the entire definition of Prognosis

Pulmonary: Having to do with the lungs.

Pulse: The rhythmic dilation of an artery that results from beating of the heart. Pulse is...

See the entire definition of Pulse

Recur: To occur again; to return. For example, a symptom, sign, or disease can recur.

back to top

Respiration: The act of inhaling and exhaling air in order to exchange oxygen for carbon d...

See the entire definition of Respiration

Rib: One of the 12 paired arches of bone that form the skeletal structure of the chest wal...

See the entire definition of Rib

Rupture: A break or tear in any organ (such as the spleen) or soft tissue (such as the ach...

See the entire definition of Rupture

Scan: As a noun, the data or image obtained from the examination of organs or regions of...

See the entire definition of Scan

Shock: In medicine, a critical condition that is brought on by a sudden drop in blood flow...

See the entire definition of Shock

Shortness of breath: Difficulty in breathing. Medically referred to as dyspnea. Shortness ...

See the entire definition of Shortness of breath

Shoulder: A structure made up of two main bones: the scapula (shoulder blade) and the hume...

See the entire definition of Shoulder

Stethoscope: An instrument that is used to transmit low-volume sounds such as a heartbeat ...

See the entire definition of Stethoscope

Syringe: A medical device that is used to inject fluid into, or withdraw fluid from, the b...

See the entire definition of Syringe

Tension: 1) The pressure within a vessel, such as blood pressure: the pressure within t...

See the entire definition of Tension

Tension pneumothorax: The accumulation of air under pressure in the pleural space. An immi...

See the entire definition of Tension pneumothorax

Therapeutic: Relating to therapeutics, the branch of medicine that is concerned specifical...

See the entire definition of Therapeutic

Trauma: A physical or emotional injury.

Vein: A blood vessel that carries blood that is low in oxygen content from the body back t...

See the entire definition of Vein

Vital: Necessary to maintain life. For example, breathing is a vital function.

back to top

X-ray: High-energy radiation with waves shorter than those of visible light. X-ray is used...

See the entire definition of X-ray back to top






Medical Dictionary