Colorectal Cancer (cont.)
IN THIS ARTICLE
Chemotherapy is the use of medicines to control the cancer's growth or relieve symptoms. Often the medicines are given through a needle in your vein. Your blood vessels carry the medicines through your body. Sometimes the medicines are available as pills. And sometimes they are given as a shot, or injection.
Several medicines are used to treat colorectal cancer. There are also several medicines available for treating side effects.
A combination of drugs often works better than a single drug in treating colorectal cancer. The most commonly used drugs are:
Hair loss can be a common side effect with some types of chemotherapy. But hair loss usually isn't a side effect of these drugs.
Treating the side effects
Your doctor may prescribe medicines that can help relieve side effects of chemotherapy. These side effects can include mouth sores, diarrhea, nausea, and vomiting. Your doctor may prescribe medicines to control nausea and vomiting.
There also are things you can do at home to manage side effects. See Home Treatment for more information.
What to think about
Chemotherapy and radiation may be combined to treat some types of colorectal cancer. Radiation or chemotherapy given before or after surgery can destroy microscopic areas of cancer to increase the chances of a cure.
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