Colorectal Cancer (cont.)
IN THIS ARTICLE
Surgery to remove cancer is almost always the main treatment for colorectal cancer. The type of surgery depends on the size and location of your cancer.
Side effects are common after surgery. You may be able to reduce the severity of your side effects at home. See Home Treatment for more information.
Your doctor may suggest radiation therapy or chemotherapy if he or she thinks the cancer may come back (recur). If the cancer has spread to nearby lymph nodes, you may need chemotherapy after your surgery. Or if your surgery shows that the cancer has spread outside your colon or rectum, you may need radiation therapy.
What to think about
Polypectomy or local excision is used when the cancer has been caught in its early stages. Bowel resection is used when the cancer is larger. Sometimes after this major operation, the two ends of the colon or rectum cannot be sewn back together. When this happens, a colostomy is performed. Most people do not need a colostomy.
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