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At the outset of a coma, it is important to diagnose and treat the underlying cause. Depending on the severity of the coma, the patient may require life-saving resuscitative measures. Once medically stable, treatments can be used to correct the underlying problem that is causing the coma.
For patients in a prolonged coma, or persistent vegetative state, the focus is on preventing infections, providing nutrition, and maintaining the patient's physical health. This includes proper nutrition and prevention of infections such as pneumonia (a common cause of death in those in a long-term coma) and bedsores. Sometimes, physical therapy is administered to prevent bone, joint, or muscle deformities.
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