Coma Topic Guide
Coma: Coma is a state of unconsciousness in which the patient does not consiously respond to the environment and stimuli. Causes of coma include head trauma, bleeding in the brain, skull fractures, brain swelling, lack of oxygen to the brain, poisons, and endocrine disorders. The Glasgow Coma Scale is a tool physicians use to rate the depth of coma of a patient. The outlook of coma for a patient depends on the cause of the coma and the damage to the brain and other organs of the patient's body.
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Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) is a severe lung condition caused by trauma, sepsis, pancreatitis, aspiration, drug overdose, and massive blood transfusion. Symptoms include shortness of breath, anxiety, agitation, and fever. Treatment is generally ICU care in a hospital with antibiotics and oxygen treatments. There is no cure for ARDS.