Coma Topic Guide
Coma: Coma is a state of unconsciousness in which the patient does not consiously respond to the environment and stimuli. Causes of coma include head trauma, bleeding in the brain, skull fractures, brain swelling, lack of oxygen to the brain, poisons, and endocrine disorders. The Glasgow Coma Scale is a tool physicians use to rate the depth of coma of a patient. The outlook of coma for a patient depends on the cause of the coma and the damage to the brain and other organs of the patient's body.
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Concussion Concussion (an injury to the brain) can be cause by significant blunt force trauma to the head, for example, falls, car accidents, being struck in the head. Treatment of concussion depends upon the severity of the injury. Concussions can be prevented by wearing protective gear when participating in sports, and taking care that homes are free from clutter and debris that can be easily tripped over.