Congestive Heart Failure (cont.)
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Synonyms and Keywords
congestive heart failure, abnormal heart rhythm, arrhythmias, cardiomyopathy, CHF, coronary artery disease, coronary heart disease, enlarged heart, heart attack, heart rhythm disorders, heart valve stenosis, high blood pressure, hypertension, incompetent heart valve, myocardial infarction, pulmonary edema, weak heart, ankle swelling, edema, fluid retention, puffy ankles, swollen ankles, leg swelling, lung congestion, systolic heart failure, diastolic heart failure, diuretics, vasodilators, ACE inhibitors, beta-blockers, pacemaker, defibrillator, heart failure, echocardiogram, electrocardiogram, ECG
Terrence X O'Brien, MD, FACC
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Heart failure is the pathophysiologic state in which the heart, via an abnormality of cardiac function (detectable or not), fails to pump blood at a rate commensurate with the requirements of the metabolizing tissues and/or pumps only from an abnormally elevated diastolic filling pressure.