Constipation in Children Glossary of Terms

The following are health and medical definitions of terms that appear in the Constipation in Children article.

Abdominal: Relating to the abdomen, the belly, that part of the body that contains all of ...

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Abdominal pain: Pain in the belly. Abdominal pain can be acute or chronic. It may reflect ...

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Abnormal: Outside the expected norm, or uncharacteristic of a particular patient.

Absorb: 1. To take something in, as through the skin or the intestine.
2....

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Acute: Of abrupt onset, in reference to a disease. Acute often also connotes an illness th...

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Antidepressants: Anything, and especially a drug, used to prevent or treat depression.

Anus: The opening of the rectum to the outside of the body.

Bedwetting: Involuntary urination in bed. Bedwetting is called "enuresis," from the Gree...

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Belly: That part of the body that contains all of the structures between the chest and t...

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Belly button: The navel or umbilicus; the former site of attachment of the umbilical cord....

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Bowel: The small and large intestine.

Brain: The portion of the central nervous system that is located within the skull. It func...

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Cell: The basic structural and functional unit of any living thing. Each cell is a small c...

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Cerebral: Of or pertaining to the cerebrum or the brain.

Cerebral palsy: An abnormality of motor function (the ability to move and control movement...

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Chemotherapy: 1. In the original sense, a chemical that binds to and specifically k...

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Chronic: In medicine, lasting a long time. A chronic condition is one that lasts 3 months ...

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Colon: The long, coiled, tubelike organ that removes water from digested food. The remaini...

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Congenital: A condition that is present at birth, whether or not it is inherited.

Constipation: Infrequent and frequently incomplete bowel movements. Constipation is the op...

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Cystic fibrosis: A common grave genetic disease that affects the exocrine glands and is ch...

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Dehydration: Excessive loss of body water. Diseases of the gastrointestinal tract that cau...

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Depression: An illness that involves the body, mood, and thoughts and that affects the way...

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Diabetes: Usually refers to diabetes mellitus or, less often, to diabetes insipidus. Diabe...

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Diagnosis: 1 The nature of a disease; the identification of an illness. 2 A ...

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Diarrhea: A common condition that involves unusually frequent and liquid bowel movements. ...

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Digital rectal exam: A routine exam in which a physician inserts a lubricated, gloved fing...

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Distention: The state of being distended, enlarged, swollen from internal pressure.

Down syndrome: A common birth defect that is usually due to an extra chromosome 21 (trisom...

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Electrolyte: A substance that dissociates into ions in solution and acquires the capacity ...

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Fecal: Relating to the feces, the stool. The excrement discharged from the intestines.

Fever: Although a fever technically is any body temperature above the normal of 98.6 F (37...

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Ganglion: The celebrated 2nd century Greek physician Galen ((c. 130-201 A.D.) who lived a...

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Gastroenterologist: A physician who specializes in the diagnosis and treatment of diseases...

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Gland: A group of cells that secrete a substance for use in the body. For example, the thy...

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Guthrie test: A simple screening blood test for phenylketonuria (PKU). The Guthrie test wa...

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Heel prick: A simple procedure in which a newborn baby's heel is pricked and then a small ...

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Herbal: 1. An adjective, referring to herbs, as in an herbal tea.
2. A...

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Hypothyroid: Deficiency of thyroid hormone which is normally made by the thyroid gland wh...

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Incontinence: The inability to control excretions, to hold urine in the bladder, or to kee...

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Indicate: In medicine, to make a treatment or procedure advisable because of a particular ...

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Intervention: The act of intervening, interfering or interceding with the intent of modify...

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Laxative: Something that promotes emptying of the bowels. Laxatives are used to combat con...

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Mental retardation: The condition of having an IQ measured as below 70 to 75 and significa...

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Mouth: 1. The upper opening of the digestive tract, beginning with the lips and con...

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Narcotic: 1. A drug that causes insensibility or stupor. A narcotic induces narcosi...

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Nausea: Stomach queasiness, the urge to vomit. Nausea can be brought on by many causes, in...

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Navel: The umbilicus, the former site of attachment of the umbilical cord, usually found i...

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Nerve: A bundle of fibers that uses electrical and chemical signals to transmit sensory an...

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Nerve cell: See: Neuron.

Newborn screening: Tests of newborns to screen for serious treatable diseases most of whic...

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Ointment: An oil-based preparation that is applied to the skin. Whereas an ointment has an...

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Ounce: A measure of weight equal to 1/16th of a pound or, metrically, 28.35 gra...

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Pain: An unpleasant sensation that can range from mild, localized discomfort to agony. Pa...

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Palsy: Paralysis, generally partial, whereby a local body area is incapable of voluntary m...

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Pediatric: Pertaining to children.

Peristalsis: The rippling motion of muscles in the digestive tract. In the stomach, this m...

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Poisoning: Taking a substance that is injurious to health or can cause death. Poisoning i...

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Potassium: The major positive ion (cation) found inside cells. The chemical notation for p...

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Prescription: A physician's order for the preparation and administration of a drug or dev...

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Prognosis: The forecast of the probable outcome or course of a disease; the patient's chan...

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Radiograph: In medicine, an X-ray or a film produced through X-ray.

Rectum: The last 6 to 8 inches of the large intestine. The rectum stores solid waste until...

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Reflex: An involuntary reaction. For example, the corneal reflex is the blink that occurs ...

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Spinal cord: The major column of nerve tissue that is connected to the brain and lies with...

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Stomach: The digestive organ that is located in the upper abdomen, under the ribs. The upp...

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Stool: The solid matter that is discharged in a bowel movement.

Surgeon: A physician who treats disease, injury, or deformity via operative or manual meth...

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Syndrome: A combination of symptoms and signs that together represent a disease process.

Therapy: The treatment of disease. Therapy is synonymous with treatment.

Thyroid: 1. The thyroid gland. Also, pertaining to the thyroid gland. 2. A p...

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Urinary: Having to do with the function or anatomy of the kidneys, ureters, bladder, or ur...

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Urinary tract: The organs of the body that produce, store, and discharge urine. These orga...

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Vomit: Matter from the stomach that has come up into and may be ejected beyond the mouth, ...

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Weight loss: Weight loss is a decrease in body weight resulting from either voluntary (die...

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X-ray: High-energy radiation with waves shorter than those of visible light. X-ray is used...

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