Constipation in Children (cont.)
IN THIS ARTICLE
Are There Natural or Home Remedies to Relieve My Baby or Child's Constipation?
Chronic Constipation in Infants and Children Medical Treatment
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Chronic constipation in infants and babies usually is medically treated by educating parents or caregivers about the cause of the constipation. It is important for the doctor and other health care professionals to reassure parents that it is neither their's, nor the child's fault, and that nothing is psychologically wrong. If the baby or child has fecal soiling (an elimination disorder in children); negative attitudes about the condition need to be removed.
After parental or caregiver education about the infant or child's cause of the problem medical treatment can begin. If a child has a large amount of hard stool present in the colon the stool needs to be removed (disimpaction). This is done either using oral or rectal medications, or a combination of both. The type of medication used also depends on the child's age and exact problem.
After the stool is removed, preventing re-accumulation of hard stools is the key to maintaining good bowel habits. This usually has to be done with long-term medication.
How Can I Prevent the Constipation from Becoming a Serious Problem?
A few important steps at home can keep constipation from becoming a continuous problem:
How Can I Prevent My Child from Getting Constipated?
To prevent constipation from returning, the child should make changes in behavior, diet, and fluid intake.
What's the Prognosis for Acute or Chronic Problems?
Acute constipation can be corrected easily. After the dehydration or illness improves, bowel function improves.
Chronic constipation, however, often requires long-term therapy with oral medication. Most children respond to therapy and are able to discontinue medications within a year. Relapses can be common, especially if the child or parents do not follow the health care practitioner's instructions, or medical intervention is not present. If therapy fails, the child may need to see a pediatric gastroenterologist, the doctor who specializes in the stomach and intestines.
Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 4/7/2017
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