Coxsackievirus Glossary of Terms

The following are health and medical definitions of terms that appear in the Coxsackievirus article.

Abdomen: The belly, that part of the body that contains all of the structures between the...

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Acetaminophen: A nonaspirin pain reliever or analgesic. Acetaminophen may be given alone t...

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Acute: Of abrupt onset, in reference to a disease. Acute often also connotes an illness th...

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Aseptic: The absence of microorganisms. By contrast, something that just discourages the g...

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Aspirin: Once the Bayer trademark for acetylsalicylic acid, now the common name for this a...

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Bacteria: Single-celled microorganisms that can exist either as independent (free-living) ...

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Bacterial: Of or pertaining to bacteria, as in a bacterial lung infection.

Blood pressure: The blood pressure is the pressure of the blood within the arteries. It is...

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Bone marrow: The soft blood-forming tissue that fills the cavities of bones and contains f...

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Brain: The portion of the central nervous system that is located within the skull. It func...

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Bronchitis: Inflammation and swelling of the bronchi. Bronchitis can be acute or chronic.

CDC: The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, the US agency charged with tracking a...

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Cheek: The side of the face, which forms the side wall of the mouth. The cheekbone is part...

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Chest: The area of the body located between the neck and the abdomen. The chest contains t...

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Chest pain: Pain in the chest that can be a result of many things, including angina, heart...

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Common cold: A contagious viral upper respiratory tract infection. The common cold can be ...

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Conjunctivitis: Inflammation of the membrane covering the surface of the eyeball. It can b...

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Contagious: capable of being transmitted from one human to another human via direct or ind...

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Cough: A rapid expulsion of air from the lungs, typically in order to clear the lung airwa...

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Coxsackievirus: A family of enteroviruses first found in the town Coxsackie, south of Alba...

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Dehydration: Excessive loss of body water. Diseases of the gastrointestinal tract that cau...

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Diabetes: Usually refers to diabetes mellitus or, less often, to diabetes insipidus. Diabe...

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Diagnosis: 1 The nature of a disease; the identification of an illness. 2 A ...

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Diarrhea: A common condition that involves unusually frequent and liquid bowel movements. ...

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Dry mouth: The condition of not having enough saliva to keep the mouth wet. This is due to...

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ECG: Electrocardiogram.

Electrocardiogram: A recording of the electrical activity of the heart. Abbreviated ECG an...

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Encephalitis: Inflammation of the brain, which may be caused by a bacterium, a virus, or a...

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Enlarged spleen: Splenomegaly, or an enlargement of the spleen. This condition can occur w...

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Enterovirus: A virus that enters the body through the gastrointestinal tract and thrives ...

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Fatigue: A condition characterized by a lessened capacity for work and reduced efficiency ...

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FDA: Food and Drug Administration.

Febrile: Feverish.

Fecal: Relating to the feces, the stool. The excrement discharged from the intestines.

Fever: Although a fever technically is any body temperature above the normal of 98.6 F (37...

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Food and Drug Administration: An agency within the US Public Health Service that provides ...

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Genetic: Having to do with genes and genetic
information.

Headache: A pain in the head with the pain being above the eyes or the ears, behind the he...

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Heart: The muscle that pumps blood received from veins into arteries throughout the body. ...

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Heart attack: The death of heart muscle due to the loss of blood supply. The loss of bloo...

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Heart failure: Inability of the heart to keep up with the demands on it and, specifically...

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Heart transplant: A surgical procedure in which a diseased heart is replaced with a healt...

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Hemorrhagic: Pertaining to bleeding or the abnormal flow of blood.

Hepatitis: Inflammation of the liver, irrespective of the cause. Hepatitis is caused by a ...

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Herpangina: A viral illness in which small, painful ulcers and sores are found inside the ...

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Ibuprofen: A nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) that is commonly used to treat pa...

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Immune: Protected against infection, usually by the presence of antibodies.

Immune system: A complex system that is responsible for distinguishing a person from every...

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Immunosuppressive: 1. Pertaining to immunosuppression, the suppression of the immun...

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Infant: A young baby, from birth to 12 months of age.

Infection: The invasion and multiplication of microorganisms such as bacteria, viruses, an...

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Inflammation: A localized reaction that produces redness, warmth, swelling, and pain as a ...

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Injury: Harm or hurt. To harm, hurt, or wound. The word injure may be in physical or emot...

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Juvenile: Between infantile and adult. Used in medicine to indicate onset in childhood, as...

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Leg: In popular usage, the part of the body from the top of the thigh down to the foot, an...

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Liver: The largest solid organ in the body, situated in the upper part of the abdomen on t...

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Marrow: The bone marrow.

Meningitis: Inflammation of the meninges, the three membranes that envelop the brain and t...

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Meningoencephalitis: Meningitis + encephalitis, inflammation of the meninges and brain. Ca...

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Mononucleosis: Infection with the Epstein-Barr virus (EBV, human herpesvirus 4, HHV-4) in...

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Mouth: 1. The upper opening of the digestive tract, beginning with the lips and con...

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Mumps: An acute (sudden, shortlived) viral illness that usually presents with inflammation...

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Neck: The part of the body joining the head to the shoulders. Also, any narrow or constric...

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Nose: The external midline projection from the face. The purpose of the nose is to warm, c...

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Onset: In medicine, the first appearance of the signs or symptoms of an illness as, for ex...

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Ophthalmoscope: A lighted instrument that is used to examine the inside of the eye, includ...

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Orchitis: Inflammation of the testis. Causes of orchitis include mumps and other infection...

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Pain: An unpleasant sensation that can range from mild, localized discomfort to agony. Pa...

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Paralysis: Loss of voluntary movement (motor function). Paralysis that affects only one mu...

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Pleurodynia: See "Epidemic myalgia."

Pneumonia: Inflammation of one or both lungs, with dense areas of lung inflammation. Pneum...

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Poliomyelitis: An acute and sometimes devastating viral disease. Man is the only natural h...

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Pregnancy: The state of carrying a developing embryo or fetus within the female body. Thi...

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Protein: One of the three nutrients used as energy sources (calories) by the body. Protein...

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Rash: Breaking out (eruption) of the skin. A rash can be caused by an underlying medical c...

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Recur: To occur again; to return. For example, a symptom, sign, or disease can recur.

Respiratory: Having to do with respiration.

Rule out: Term used in medicine, meaning to eliminate or exclude something from considera...

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Runny nose: The production of extra mucus by the nose. Rhinorrhea is the medical term for ...

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Seizure: Uncontrolled electrical activity in the brain, which may produce a physical conv...

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Shortness of breath: Difficulty in breathing. Medically referred to as dyspnea. Shortness ...

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Sore: 1. (adjective) A popular term for painful, such as a sore throat. 2. (...

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Sore throat: Pain in the throat. Sore throat may be caused by many different causes, inclu...

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Spinal cord: The major column of nerve tissue that is connected to the brain and lies with...

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Spinal tap: Also known as a lumbar puncture or "LP", a spinal tap is a procedure whereby ...

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Spleen: An organ that is located in the upper-left part of the abdomen, not far from the s...

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Stomach: The digestive organ that is located in the upper abdomen, under the ribs. The upp...

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Stool: The solid matter that is discharged in a bowel movement.

Strep: Very commonly used shortened form of Streptococcus, a very common and import...

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Strep throat: Strep throat is an infection caused by a type of bacteria called streptococc...

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Sunburn: Sunburn is an inflammation of the skin that develops in response to exposure to u...

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Symptom: Any subjective evidence of disease. In contrast, a sign is objective. Blood comin...

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Syndrome: A combination of symptoms and signs that together represent a disease process.

Tablespoon: An old-fashioned but convenient household measure of capacity that is equal to...

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Testicles: The testicles (also called testes or gonads) are the male sex glands. They are ...

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Throat: The throat is the anterior (front) portion of the neck beginning at the back of th...

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Tongue: A strong muscle that is anchored to the floor of the mouth. The tongue is covered ...

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Transplant: The grafting of a tissue from one place to another, just as in botany a bu...

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Ultrasound: High-frequency sound waves. Ultra-sound waves can be bounced off tissues by us...

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Viral: Of or pertaining to a virus. For example, if a person has a viral rash, the rash wa...

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Virus: A microorganism that is smaller than a bacterium that cannot grow or reproduce apar...

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Viruses: Small living particles that can infect cells and change how the cells function. I...

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Medical Dictionary