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Coxsackievirus (cont.)

How Can People Prevent Coxsackievirus Infections?

Frequent hand washing by both sick and well people is the key to reducing transmission. Plain soap and water are effective as are the alcohol-based products now on the market. People who are sneezing or coughing should cover their mouths. Diapers and fecal waste should be handled carefully and disposed of properly. Surfaces should be kept clean. Contaminated surfaces should be disinfected using a dilute solution of household bleach (1 tablespoon of bleach to 4 cups of water).

What Is the Prognosis for a Coxsackievirus Infection?

Most people who get coxsackievirus infections have no symptoms or are only mildly ill and soon recover. People who have fever or feel ill should stay home, because the infection is contagious.

Most patients with myopericarditis recover completely, but up to one-third will continue to have some degree of heart failure. Children with myopericarditis usually fare better than adults. Severe coxsackievirus infections in newborns are fatal in approximately one-half of cases.

Coxsackievirus Research and Vaccine

Interestingly, some scientists have proposed a link between coxsackievirus and the onset of juvenile (type I) diabetes. Among other things, this is based on evidence showing that development of type I diabetes is more common in the months after viruses like coxsackievirus circulate in the population. However, the link is far from proven and requires significantly more study.

The search for a vaccine against coxsackievirus has not yet been successful. However, efforts are continuing.

Coxsackievirus Picture

Picture of group B coxsackievirus
Picture of group B coxsackievirus

Where Can People Get More Information on Coxsackievirus Infections?

http://www.cdc.gov/non-polio-enterovirus/about/index.html

http://www.cdc.gov/meningococcal/
about/index.html

Medically reviewed by Robert Cox, MD; American Board of Internal Medicine with subspecialty in Infectious Disease

REFERENCE:

"Coxsackievirus A6 and Hand, Foot, and Mouth Disease, Finland." United States Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Dec. 7, 2010. <http://wwwnc.cdc.gov/eid/article/15/9/09-0438_article>.


Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 10/24/2016

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