Crohn Disease in Children and Teens (cont.)
IN THIS ARTICLE
Crohn's Disease in Children and Teens Causes
Diet and stress do not cause Crohn's disease. They can worsen the symptoms, but they are not the cause of the disease.
We do not know exactly what causes Crohn's disease. Apparently an unknown triggering event alters the immune response in a genetically susceptible person. This abnormal immune response leads to ongoing inflammation of the intestines. Various immune abnormalities are common in individuals with Crohn's disease.
We do not know what makes a person "genetically susceptible" to Crohn's disease. In about 15% to 20% of people, the disease runs in the family. This is especially true of people who develop the disease at a younger age. Several genes have been linked to the disease, but there is no clear pattern to how these genes interact to cause the disease. Mutations in one gene, called CARD15, are present in about 40% of people with Crohn's disease. However, this gene is also frequently present in healthy people who never develop this disease.
We also do not know what the triggering event might be. The bacteria that naturally live in the intestines (or some other bacteria or virus) may play a role in triggering the onset of the disease.
Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 7/9/2013
Andrew B. Grossman, MD
Petar Mamula, MD
Bhupinder Anand, MD
Venkatachala Mohan, MD
Must Read Articles Related to Crohn Disease in Children and Teens
Patient Comments & Reviews
The eMedicineHealth doctors ask about Crohn's Disease in Children and Teens:
Crohn's Disease in Children and Teens - Experience
Please describe your child or teen's experience with Crohn's disease.
Crohn's Disease in Children and Teens - Treatment
What treatments have been effective in treating your child or teen's Crohn's disease?
Crohn's Disease in Children and Teens - Home Care
What home care treatments and remedies has your child or teen found helpful in managing the symptoms of Crohn's disease?
Crohn's Disease in Children and Teens - Medications
What medications have been effective in treating Crohn's disease in your child or teen?
Crohn's Disease in Children and Teens - Surgery
Please describe your child or teen's experience with surgery and Crohn's disease.
Crohn's Disease in Children, Teens - Symptoms
What symptoms did your child or teen experience with Crohn disease?
Crohn's Disease Resources
- Are You Getting Enough Vitamin B12?
- Creating a Crohn's Disease Diet Plan
- How Much Do You Know About Crohn's Disease?
- How Well Are You Living With AFib?
- How Well Are You Managing Your MS?
- Soothe Your Child's Cold or Flu