- Overall, the initial goal is to determine the severity of illness. This
will guide the medical treatment. Although, in the past, humidified oxygen or cool
mist were routinely recommended, studies have not proven these treatments to be
- Steroid therapy has been shown to be of benefit in children with
moderate to severe croup. It may be given orally, by injection, or by IV.
Inhaled steroids appear to have limited value. Because most croup is caused by
viral infections, antibiotics have not been shown to be beneficial in the
treatment of croup.
- Nebulized epinephrine or racemic epinephrine may be
administered to children with moderate or severe symptoms. Currently there is no evidence to support the use of racemic epinephrine over nebulized epinephrine.
- If your child responds to treatment, the doctor may elect to observe the child for an additional few hours to make sure the symptoms do not return after the medications have worn off. If your child remains symptomatic after therapy, then the child will require admission to the hospital.
Must Read Articles Related to Croup
Epiglottitis a medical emergency and death may result if not treated promptly. Causes of epiglottitis include infectious, traumatic, and chemical agents. Sympto...learn more >>
Sore throats are generally named for the anatomical site affected. The pharynx, tonsils, adenoids, larynx, and epiglottis. Sore throat treatment depends on the ...learn more >>
Patient Comments & Reviews
The eMedicineHealth doctors ask about Croup: