Pictures of Crutches
Proper crutch placement for maximum stationary stability Proper position to begin walking Proper position following swing through during walking
American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons. "How to Use Crutches, Canes, and Walkers." February 2015. <http://orthoinfo.aaos.org/topic.cfm?topic=a00181>.
Bruno J. Some considerations and guidelines for crutch walking. Clin Podiatry. Aug 1984;1(2):291-4.
Decker BC. In: Peat Malcolm, ed. Current Physical Therapy. Mosby; 1988.
Downer AH. Mobilation aids. In: Physical Therapy Procedures. Charles C Thomas; 1994.
Eiff PM, Hatch RL, Calmbach WL, et al. Fracture Management for Primary Care. Philadelphia, Pa: WB Saunders Co; 1998.
"How to Use Crutches." American Orthopaedic Foot & Ankle Society. FootCareMD. <http://www.aofas.org/footcaremd/how-to/foot-injury/Pages/How-to-Use-Crutches.aspx>.
"How to Use Crutches, Canes, and Walkers." American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons. OrthoInfo. July 2007. <http://orthoinfo.aaos.org/topic.cfm?topic=A00181>.
"How to Use Crutches Properly." The Nebraska Medical Center. YouTube.com. Mar. 7, 2011. <http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pYzUQb79_Rw>.
Joyce BM, Kirby RL. Canes, crutches and walkers. Am Fam Physician. Feb 1991;43(2):535-42.
Kottke FJ, Lehmann JF. Handbook of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation. 4th ed. Philadelphia, Pa: WB Saunders Co; 1990.
Lane PL, LeBlanc R. Crutch walking. Orthop Nurs. Sep-Oct 1990;9(5):31-8.
Nyland, J., T. Bernasek, B. Markee, and C. Dundore. "Comparison of the Easy Strutter Functional Orthosis System and axillary crutches during modified 3-point gait." J Rehabil Res Dev 41.2 Mar. 2004: 195-206. <http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15558373>.
University of Pittsburgh Schools of the Health Sciences. "Walking With One Crutch." <http://www.upmc.com/patients-visitors/education/rehab/Pages/walking-with-one-crutch.aspx>.
Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 11/9/2016
Must Read Articles Related to Crutches
An broken ankle (ankle fracture) can be caused by rolling the ankle in or out, twisting the ankle, extreme flexing of the joint, or learn more >>
Ankle sprains are common sports injuries caused by extreme force, unnatural motion, or uneven ground. Sprained ankles often occur during exercise, but may also ...learn more >>
Broken bones (also called fractures) in the foot are very common. A learn more >>
Patient Comments & Reviews
The eMedicineHealth doctors ask about Crutches: