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Crutches (cont.)

Pictures of Crutches

Proper crutch placement for maximum stationary stability.
Proper crutch placement for maximum stationary stability

Proper position to begin walking
Proper position to begin walking

Proper position following swing through during walking
Proper position following swing through during walking

REFERENCES:

American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons. "How to Use Crutches, Canes, and Walkers." February 2015. <http://orthoinfo.aaos.org/topic.cfm?topic=a00181>.

Bruno J. Some considerations and guidelines for crutch walking. Clin Podiatry. Aug 1984;1(2):291-4.

Decker BC. In: Peat Malcolm, ed. Current Physical Therapy. Mosby; 1988.

Downer AH. Mobilation aids. In: Physical Therapy Procedures. Charles C Thomas; 1994.

Eiff PM, Hatch RL, Calmbach WL, et al. Fracture Management for Primary Care. Philadelphia, Pa: WB Saunders Co; 1998.

"How to Use Crutches." American Orthopaedic Foot & Ankle Society. FootCareMD. <http://www.aofas.org/footcaremd/how-to/foot-injury/Pages/How-to-Use-Crutches.aspx>.

"How to Use Crutches, Canes, and Walkers." American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons. OrthoInfo. July 2007. <http://orthoinfo.aaos.org/topic.cfm?topic=A00181>.

"How to Use Crutches Properly." The Nebraska Medical Center. YouTube.com. Mar. 7, 2011. <http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pYzUQb79_Rw>.

Joyce BM, Kirby RL. Canes, crutches and walkers. Am Fam Physician. Feb 1991;43(2):535-42.

Kottke FJ, Lehmann JF. Handbook of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation. 4th ed. Philadelphia, Pa: WB Saunders Co; 1990.

Lane PL, LeBlanc R. Crutch walking. Orthop Nurs. Sep-Oct 1990;9(5):31-8.

Nyland, J., T. Bernasek, B. Markee, and C. Dundore. "Comparison of the Easy Strutter Functional Orthosis System and axillary crutches during modified 3-point gait." J Rehabil Res Dev 41.2 Mar. 2004: 195-206. <http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15558373>.

University of Pittsburgh Schools of the Health Sciences. "Walking With One Crutch." <http://www.upmc.com/patients-visitors/education/rehab/Pages/walking-with-one-crutch.aspx>.


Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 11/9/2016

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