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Crutches (cont.)

Pictures of Crutches

Proper crutch placement for maximum stationary stability.
Proper crutch placement for maximum stationary stability. Click to view larger image.

Proper position to begin walking
Proper position to begin walking Click to view larger image.

Proper position following swing through during walking
Proper position following swing through during walking Click to view larger image.

Medically reviewed by Martin E. Zipser, MD; American Board of Surgery

REFERENCES:

Bruno J. Some considerations and guidelines for crutch walking. Clin Podiatry. Aug 1984;1(2):291-4. [Medline].

Decker BC. In: Peat Malcolm, ed. Current Physical Therapy. Mosby; 1988.

Downer AH. Mobilation aids. In: Physical Therapy Procedures. Charles C Thomas; 1994.

Eiff PM, Hatch RL, Calmbach WL, et al. Fracture Management for Primary Care. Philadelphia, Pa: WB Saunders Co; 1998.

"How to Use Crutches." American Orthopaedic Foot & Ankle Society. FootCareMD. <http://www.aofas.org/footcaremd/how-to/foot-injury/Pages/How-to-Use-Crutches.aspx>.

"How to Use Crutches, Canes, and Walkers." American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons. OrthoInfo. July 2007. <http://orthoinfo.aaos.org/topic.cfm?topic=A00181>.

"How to Use Crutches Properly." The Nebraska Medical Center. YouTube.com. Mar. 7, 2011. <http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pYzUQb79_Rw>.

Joyce BM, Kirby RL. Canes, crutches and walkers. Am Fam Physician. Feb 1991;43(2):535-42. [Medline].

Kottke FJ, Lehmann JF. Handbook of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation. 4th ed. Philadelphia, Pa: WB Saunders Co; 1990.

Lane PL, LeBlanc R. Crutch walking. Orthop Nurs. Sep-Oct 1990;9(5):31-8. [Medline].

Nyland, J., T. Bernasek, B. Markee, and C. Dundore. "Comparison of the Easy Strutter Functional Orthosis System and axillary crutches during modified 3-point gait." J Rehabil Res Dev 41.2 Mar. 2004: 195-206. <http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15558373>.


Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 3/26/2015

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