Cuts or Lacerations Glossary of Terms

The following are health and medical definitions of terms that appear in the Cuts or Lacerations article.

Abrasion: An abrasion or "excoriation" is a wearing away of the upper layer of s...

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Adjacent: Lying nearby. Related terms include superjacent, subjacent, and circumjacent. Fr...

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Anesthetic: A substance that causes lack of feeling or awareness, dulling pain to permit s...

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Antibiotic: A drug used to treat bacterial infections. Antibiotics have no effect on viral...

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Anxiety: A feeling of apprehension and fear, characterized by physical symptoms such as pa...

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Arms: An appendage in anatomy and in clinical trials. See: Arm.

Artery: A vessel that carries blood high in oxygen content away from the heart to the far...

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Avulsion: Tearing away. A nerve can be avulsed by an injury, as can part of a bone.

Bacterial: Of or pertaining to bacteria, as in a bacterial lung infection.

Bacterium: The singular of bacteria.

Blood pressure: The blood pressure is the pressure of the blood within the arteries. It is...

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Chills: feelings of coldness accompanied by shivering. Chills may develop after exposure t...

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Circulation: In medicine, the movement of fluid through the body in a regular or circuitou...

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Clostridium: A group of anaerobic bacteria (bacteria that thrive in the absence of oxygen)...

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Connective tissue: A material made up of fibers forming a framework and support structure...

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Cuts: Severed skin. Washing a cut or scrape with soap and water and keeping it clean and d...

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Dermatologist: A physician who specializes in the diagnosis and treatment of skin problems...

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Diabetes: Usually refers to diabetes mellitus or, less often, to diabetes insipidus. Diabe...

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Emergency department: The department of a hospital responsible for the provision of medica...

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Fascia: A flat band of tissue below the skin that covers underlying tissues and separates ...

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Fever: Although a fever technically is any body temperature above the normal of 98.6 F (37...

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Heart: The muscle that pumps blood received from veins into arteries throughout the body. ...

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Hemorrhagic: Pertaining to bleeding or the abnormal flow of blood.

Hydrogen: The most plentiful element in the universe and one present in all organic compou...

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Immunization: Vaccination. Immunizations work by stimulating the immune system, the natur...

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Infection: The invasion and multiplication of microorganisms such as bacteria, viruses, an...

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Inflammation: A localized reaction that produces redness, warmth, swelling, and pain as a ...

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Injury: Harm or hurt. To harm, hurt, or wound. The word injure may be in physical or emot...

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Keloid: A scar that rises quite abruptly above the rest of the skin. It is irregularly sha...

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Laceration: A cut.

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Low blood pressure: Any blood pressure that is below the normal expected for an individua...

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Muscle: Muscle is the tissue of the body which primarily functions as a source of power. T...

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Nerve: A bundle of fibers that uses electrical and chemical signals to transmit sensory an...

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Neurological: Having to do with the nerves or the nervous system as, for example, a neurol...

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Numb: Numb, or numbness is a loss of the sensation of feeling in an area of the body. Numb...

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Ointment: An oil-based preparation that is applied to the skin. Whereas an ointment has an...

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Pain: An unpleasant sensation that can range from mild, localized discomfort to agony. Pa...

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Plastic surgeon: A surgeon who specializes in reducing scarring or disfigurement that may ...

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Poison: Any substance that can cause severe organ damage or death if ingested, breathed in...

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Preventive medicine: Medical practices that are designed to avert and avoid disease. For e...

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Pus: A thick, whitish-yellow fluid that results from the accumulation of white blood cells...

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Rabies: A potentially fatal viral infection that attacks the central nervous system. Rabie...

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Reflex: An involuntary reaction. For example, the corneal reflex is the blink that occurs ...

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Saline: Relating to salt. As an adjective, "saline" means "salty, containing salt." As a n...

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Shock: In medicine, a critical condition that is brought on by a sudden drop in blood flow...

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Surgeon: A physician who treats disease, injury, or deformity via operative or manual meth...

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Suture: 1. A type of joint between the bones of the skull where the bones are held ...

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Syncope: Partial or complete loss of consciousness with interruption of awareness of one...

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Tendon: The soft tissue by which muscle attaches to bone. Tendons are somewhat flexible, b...

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Tension: 1) The pressure within a vessel, such as blood pressure: the pressure within t...

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Tetanus: An often fatal infectious disease that is caused by the bacterium Clostridium tet...

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Topical: Pertaining to a particular surface area. For example, a topical agent is applied ...

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Vasovagal syncope: The temporary loss of consciousness in a particular kind of situation ...

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Viral: Of or pertaining to a virus. For example, if a person has a viral rash, the rash wa...

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Viral infection: Infection caused by the presence of a virus in the body. Depending on th...

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X-ray: High-energy radiation with waves shorter than those of visible light. X-ray is used...

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