Cyclospora Infection (Cyclosporiasis)
Cyclospora Infection (Cyclosporiasis) Facts
- The Cyclospora parasite causes cyclosporiasis when humans ingest contaminated water or food containing Cyclospora sporulated oocysts.
- Symptoms and signs of Cyclospora infections include watery diarrhea, gas, cramping, bloating, nausea, weight loss, appetite loss, and fatigue.
- Medical care should be sought if symptoms last a week or more, if a person has traveled through an endemic area, or if they become dehydrated and weak.
- Diagnosis of Cyclospora infections require special laboratories and lab tests to detect the parasites.
- The only CDC-recommended treatment is the antibiotic trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole (Bactrim, Septra, Sulfatrim).
- Self-care at home consists of symptomatic treatment and completing oral antibiotic therapy.
- Follow-up is not usually required if treatment is effective, but follow-up for certain individuals is recommended.
- The prognoses of most treated Cyclospora infections is good to excellent; the prognoses of untreated infections range from good to a few poor outcomes.
- Complications of Cyclospora infections may include a relapsing illness, malabsorption, cholecystitis, Reiter's syndrome (reactive arthritis), dehydration, and electrolyte problems in some patients.
- There is no vaccine to prevent Cyclospora infections; the CDC recommends avoiding water and foods contaminated with human feces and adherence to FDA guidelines for food growers and food packagers.
Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 4/24/2015
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