Cyclospora Infection (Cyclosporiasis)
Infection (Cyclosporiasis) Facts
- The Cyclospora parasite
cyclosporiasis when humans ingest contaminated water or food containing
Cyclospora sporulated oocysts.
- Symptoms and signs of Cyclospora
include watery diarrhea, gas, cramping, bloating, nausea, weight loss, appetite
loss, and fatigue.
- Medical care should be sought if symptoms last about a week
or more, if a person has traveled through an endemic area, or if they become
dehydrated and weak.
- Diagnosis of Cyclospora
infections require special
laboratories and lab tests to detect the parasites.
- The only CDC recommended
treatment is the antibiotic trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole (Bactrim, Septra, Sulfatrim).
- Self-care at home
consists of symptomatic treatment and completing oral antibiotic therapy.
- Follow-up is not usually required if treatment is effective, but follow-up for
certain individuals is recommended.
- The prognoses of most treated Cyclospora infections is good to
excellent; the prognoses of untreated infections range from good
to a few poor outcomes.
- Complications of Cyclospora
infections may include a
relapsing illness, malabsorption, cholecystitis, Reiter's syndrome (reactive
arthritis), dehydration, and electrolyte problems in some patients.
- There is no
vaccine to prevent Cyclospora
infections; the CDC recommends avoiding water and
foods contaminated with human feces and adherence to FDA guidelines for food
growers and food packagers.
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