Cyst (Cysts) Glossary of Terms

The following are health and medical definitions of terms that appear in the Cyst (Cysts) article.

Abnormal: Outside the expected norm, or uncharacteristic of a particular patient.

Benign: Not malignant. A benign tumor is one that does not invade surrounding tissue or sp...

See the entire definition of Benign

Biopsy: The removal of a sample of tissue for examination under a microscope to check for ...

See the entire definition of Biopsy

Bladder: A hollow organ in the lower abdomen that stores urine. The kidneys filter waste f...

See the entire definition of Bladder

Bumps: The raised area of a bump or bruise results from blood leaking from these injured b...

See the entire definition of Bumps

Cancer: An abnormal growth of cells which tend to proliferate in an uncontrolled way and, ...

See the entire definition of Cancer

Capsule: Capsule has many meanings in medicine including the following:

  1. In medici...

See the entire definition of Capsule

Catheter: A thin, flexible tube.

Cervix: The cervix is the lower, narrow part of the uterus (womb). The uterus, a hollow, ...

See the entire definition of Cervix

Chronic: In medicine, lasting a long time. A chronic condition is one that lasts 3 months ...

See the entire definition of Chronic

Chronic disease: A disease that persists for a long time. A chronic disease is one lasting...

See the entire definition of Chronic disease

Coccyx: The small tail-like bone at the bottom of the spine, very near the anus. It is the...

See the entire definition of Coccyx

Computerized tomography: Pictures of structures within the body created by a computer that...

See the entire definition of Computerized tomography

CT scan: Computed tomography scan. Detailed images of internal organs are obtained by this...

See the entire definition of CT scan

Cyst: A closed sac or capsule, usually filled with fluid or semisolid material.

back to top

Cysts: Cysts are abnormal, closed sac-like structures within a tissue that contain a liqui...

See the entire definition of Cysts

Dermoid: Also called a dermoid cyst of the ovary, this is a bizarre tumor, usually benign,...

See the entire definition of Dermoid

Diagnosis: 1 The nature of a disease; the identification of an illness. 2 A ...

See the entire definition of Diagnosis

Drain: A device for removing fluid from a cavity or wound. A drain is typically a tube or ...

See the entire definition of Drain

Ganglion: The celebrated 2nd century Greek physician Galen ((c. 130-201 A.D.) who lived a...

See the entire definition of Ganglion

Infection: The invasion and multiplication of microorganisms such as bacteria, viruses, an...

See the entire definition of Infection

Joint: The area where two bones are attached for the purpose of permitting body parts to m...

See the entire definition of Joint

Kidney: One of a pair of organs located in the right and left side of the abdomen. The kid...

See the entire definition of Kidney

Knee: The knee is a joint which has three parts. The thigh bone (the femur) meets the lar...

See the entire definition of Knee

Liver: The largest solid organ in the body, situated in the upper part of the abdomen on t...

See the entire definition of Liver

Magnetic resonance imaging: A procedure that uses magnetism, radio waves, and a computer t...

See the entire definition of Magnetic resonance imaging

Malignancy: A tumor that is malignant (cancerous), that can invade and destroy nearby tiss...

See the entire definition of Malignancy

Microscope: An optical instrument that augments the power of the eye to see small objects....

See the entire definition of Microscope

MRI: Magnetic resonance imaging.

Nomenclature: A system of names used in a particular discipline, as in medicine and surger...

See the entire definition of Nomenclature back to top

Obstruction: Blockage of a passageway. See, for example: Airway obstruction; Intestinal o...

See the entire definition of Obstruction

Operating room: A facility that is equipped for performing surgery. Abbreviated OR.

Outpatient: A patient who is not hospitalized, but instead comes to a physician?s office, ...

See the entire definition of Outpatient

Ovarian: Of or pertaining to the ovary.

Ovary: The female gonad, one of a pair of reproductive glands in women. The ovaries are lo...

See the entire definition of Ovary

Pancreatic: Having to do with the pancreas.

Pilonidal: Refers to an embedded (ingrown) hair or tuft of hair. Literally, a nest of hair...

See the entire definition of Pilonidal

Polycystic ovary syndrome: Abbreviated PCOS. Polcystic ovary syndrome is a condition in wo...

See the entire definition of Polycystic ovary syndrome

Popliteal: Referring to the back of the knee. For example, the popliteal fossa is the holl...

See the entire definition of Popliteal

Prognosis: The forecast of the probable outcome or course of a disease; the patient's chan...

See the entire definition of Prognosis

Recur: To occur again; to return. For example, a symptom, sign, or disease can recur.

Rule out: Term used in medicine, meaning to eliminate or exclude something from considera...

See the entire definition of Rule out

Scan: As a noun, the data or image obtained from the examination of organs or regions of...

See the entire definition of Scan

Substance: 1. Material with particular features.
2. The material that...

See the entire definition of Substance

Surgery: The branch of medicine that employs operations in the treatment of disease or inj...

See the entire definition of Surgery back to top

Syndrome: A combination of symptoms and signs that together represent a disease process.

Syringe: A medical device that is used to inject fluid into, or withdraw fluid from, the b...

See the entire definition of Syringe

Tailbone: Popular name for the coccyx, the small bone at the bottom of the spine made up o...

See the entire definition of Tailbone

Tear: A drop of the salty secretion of the lacrimal glands which serves to moisten the con...

See the entire definition of Tear

Tendon: The soft tissue by which muscle attaches to bone. Tendons are somewhat flexible, b...

See the entire definition of Tendon

Thyroid: 1. The thyroid gland. Also, pertaining to the thyroid gland. 2. A p...

See the entire definition of Thyroid

Tomography: The process for generating a tomogram, a two-dimensional image of a slice or s...

See the entire definition of Tomography

Tumor: An abnormal mass of tissue. Tumors are a classic sign of inflammation, and can be ...

See the entire definition of Tumor

Ultrasound: High-frequency sound waves. Ultra-sound waves can be bounced off tissues by us...

See the entire definition of Ultrasound

Vaginal opening: The exterior opening to the vagina, the muscular canal that extends from ...

See the entire definition of Vaginal opening

Wrist: The part of the hand that is nearest the forearm and consists of the carpal bones a...

See the entire definition of Wrist

X-ray: High-energy radiation with waves shorter than those of visible light. X-ray is used...

See the entire definition of X-ray back to top




NIH talks about Ebola on WebMD


Medical Dictionary