Cystoscopy Glossary of Terms

The following are health and medical definitions of terms that appear in the Cystoscopy article.

Acute: Of abrupt onset, in reference to a disease. Acute often also connotes an illness th...

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Anesthesia: Loss of feeling or awareness, as when an anesthetic is administered before sur...

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Anesthesiologist: A physician or, less often, a dentist who is specialized in the practice...

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Anesthetic: A substance that causes lack of feeling or awareness, dulling pain to permit s...

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Aspirin: Once the Bayer trademark for acetylsalicylic acid, now the common name for this a...

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Bladder: A hollow organ in the lower abdomen that stores urine. The kidneys filter waste f...

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Bladder cancer: A common form of cancer that begins in the lining of the bladder. The most...

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Blood clots: Blood that has been converted from a liquid to a solid state. Also called a t...

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Blood in the urine: Blood that appears in the urine. Also known as hematuria. Gross hematu...

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Cancer: An abnormal growth of cells which tend to proliferate in an uncontrolled way and, ...

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Catheter: A thin, flexible tube.

Cauterization: The use of heat to destroy abnormal cells. Also known as diathermy and elec...

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Complication: In medicine, an unanticipated problem that arises following, and is a result...

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Cystoscope: An optical instrument (a scope) that is inserted through the urethra into the...

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Cystoscopy: A procedure in which a lighted optical instrument called a cystoscope is inser...

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Drain: A device for removing fluid from a cavity or wound. A drain is typically a tube or ...

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Emergency department: The department of a hospital responsible for the provision of medica...

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Epididymitis: Inflammation of the epididymis. Epididymitis can be caused by sexually acqui...

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Fasting: : going without food or drink. Patients may be advised to fast for a certain peri...

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Fever: Although a fever technically is any body temperature above the normal of 98.6 F (37...

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Foley catheter: See: Catheter, Foley.

Genital: Pertaining to the external and/or internal organs of reproduction.

Hematuria: Blood in the urine. Hematuria may or may not be accompanied by pain, but it is...

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Ibuprofen: A nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) that is commonly used to treat pa...

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Incidence: The frequency with which something, such as a disease or trait, appears in a pa...

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Infection: The invasion and multiplication of microorganisms such as bacteria, viruses, an...

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Inflammation: A localized reaction that produces redness, warmth, swelling, and pain as a ...

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Kidney: One of a pair of organs located in the right and left side of the abdomen. The kid...

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Mouth: 1. The upper opening of the digestive tract, beginning with the lips and con...

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Onset: In medicine, the first appearance of the signs or symptoms of an illness as, for ex...

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Operating room: A facility that is equipped for performing surgery. Abbreviated OR.

Operation: In medicine, a surgical procedure. Many operations are named after persons. The...

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Outpatient: A patient who is not hospitalized, but instead comes to a physician?s office, ...

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Pain: An unpleasant sensation that can range from mild, localized discomfort to agony. Pa...

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Pelvic: Having to do with the pelvis, the lower part of the abdomen, located between the h...

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Perineum: The area between the anus and the scrotum in the male and between the anus and t...

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Pneumonia: Inflammation of one or both lungs, with dense areas of lung inflammation. Pneum...

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Prostate: A gland within the male reproductive system that is located just below the blad...

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Resection: Surgical removal of part of an organ.

Stricture: An abnormal narrowing of a body passage, especially a tube or a canal. The stri...

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Surgeon: A physician who treats disease, injury, or deformity via operative or manual meth...

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Surgery: The branch of medicine that employs operations in the treatment of disease or inj...

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Tear: A drop of the salty secretion of the lacrimal glands which serves to moisten the con...

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Testicles: The testicles (also called testes or gonads) are the male sex glands. They are ...

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Thrombophlebitis: Inflammation of a vein that occurs when a blood clot forms.

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Tubes: The "tubes" are medically known as the Fallopian tubes. There are two Fallopian tub...

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Tumor: An abnormal mass of tissue. Tumors are a classic sign of inflammation, and can be ...

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Urethra: The tube that leads from the bladder and transports and discharges urine outside ...

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Urinary: Having to do with the function or anatomy of the kidneys, ureters, bladder, or ur...

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Urinary tract: The organs of the body that produce, store, and discharge urine. These orga...

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Urinary tract infection: An infection of the kidney, ureter, bladder, or urethra. Abbrevia...

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Urine: Liquid waste produced by the kidneys. Urine is a clear, transparent fluid that norm...

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Urologist: A physician who specializes in diseases of the urinary organs in females and th...

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Vein: A blood vessel that carries blood that is low in oxygen content from the body back t...

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Warfarin: An anticoagulant drug (brand names: Coumarin, Panwarfin, Sofarin) taken to prev...

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