Dandruff (Seborrhea) Glossary of Terms

The following are health and medical definitions of terms that appear in the Dandruff (Seborrhea) article.

Acne: Localized skin inflammation as a result of overactivity of the oil glands at the ba...

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Antibacterial: Anything that destroys bacteria or suppresses their growth or their ability...

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Antifungal: A medication that limits or prevents the growth of yeasts and other fungal org...

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Atypical: Unusual, or not fitting a single diagnostic
category.

Autoimmune: Pertaining to autoimmunity, a misdirected immune response that occurs when the...

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Bacteria: Single-celled microorganisms that can exist either as independent (free-living) ...

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Bacterial: Of or pertaining to bacteria, as in a bacterial lung infection.

Biopsy: The removal of a sample of tissue for examination under a microscope to check for ...

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Chest: The area of the body located between the neck and the abdomen. The chest contains t...

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Chin: Medically, the mentum. The lower portion of the face below the lower lip including t...

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Chronic: In medicine, lasting a long time. A chronic condition is one that lasts 3 months ...

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Chronic illness: An illness that lasts 3 months or more.

Contact dermatitis: A skin condition caused by contact between skin and some substance. In...

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Cortisone: A naturally occurring adrenocorticoid hormone that is produced in minute amount...

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Cradle cap: A form of seborrheic dermatitis of the scalp that is usually seen in infants b...

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Curable: Amenable to a cure, capable of being cured, to being healed and made well. From ...

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Cure: 1. To heal, to make well, to restore to good health. 2. A time withou...

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Dandruff: A scalp condition that produces white flakes that may be shed and fall from the ...

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Dermatitis: Inflammation of the skin, either due to direct contact with an irritating sub...

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Dermatologic: Having to do with skin.

Dermatologist: A physician who specializes in the diagnosis and treatment of skin problems...

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Dry skin: Abnormally dry skin. Can be caused by a dry climate, winter weather, deficiency...

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Ear: The hearing organ. There are three sections of the ear, according to the anatomy tex...

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Eczema: A particular type of inflammatory reaction of the skin in which there are typicall...

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Emergency department: The department of a hospital responsible for the provision of medica...

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Eyelid: The lid or cover of the eye, a movable fold of skin and muscle that can be closed ...

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Family physician: A physician who is educated and trained in family practice.

Fungal: Pertaining to a fungus. For example, a fungal skin infection.

Fungus: A single-celled or multicellular organism. Fungi can be true pathogens (such as hi...

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Hair loss: Hair loss is the thinning of hair on the scalp. The medical term for hair loss ...

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Hygiene: The science of preventive medicine and the preservation of health. Also commonly ...

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Immune: Protected against infection, usually by the presence of antibodies.

Immune system: A complex system that is responsible for distinguishing a person from every...

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Infection: The invasion and multiplication of microorganisms such as bacteria, viruses, an...

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Inflammation: A localized reaction that produces redness, warmth, swelling, and pain as a ...

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Internist: A physician who specializes in the diagnosis and medical treatment of adults. T...

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Itching: An uncomfortable sensation in the skin that feels as if something is crawling on ...

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Lab test: A test that is done in the laboratory where the appropriate equipment, supplies,...

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Lupus: A chronic inflammatory disease that is caused by autoimmunity. Patients with lupus ...

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Microscope: An optical instrument that augments the power of the eye to see small objects....

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Microscopic: So small it cannot be seen without the aid of microscope. As opposed to macro...

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Mouth: 1. The upper opening of the digestive tract, beginning with the lips and con...

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Nose: The external midline projection from the face. The purpose of the nose is to warm, c...

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Prescription: A physician's order for the preparation and administration of a drug or dev...

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Pruritic: Itchy. For example, a scab may be 'pruritic.

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Pruritus: Itching. Pruritus can result from drug reaction, food allergy, kidney or liver...

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Psoriasis: A reddish, scaly rash often located over the surfaces of the elbows, knees, sca...

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Rash: Breaking out (eruption) of the skin. A rash can be caused by an underlying medical c...

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Recur: To occur again; to return. For example, a symptom, sign, or disease can recur.

Recurrent: Appearing or occurring again. For example, a recurrent fever is a fever that ha...

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Rosacea: A chronic skin disease that causes persistent redness over the areas of the face ...

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Salicylic acid: A substance obtained from plants (white willow back and wintergreen leaves...

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Scrape: An abrasion or cut caused by something rubbing roughly against the skin. To treat ...

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Scrub: 1. As a verb, to wash the hands and forearms very thoroughly, as before enga...

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Seborrhea: A chronic inflammatory disease of the skin characterized by the accumulation of...

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Seborrheic dermatitis: A medical name for what is popularly called seborrhea.

Selenium: An essential mineral that is a component of an antioxidant enzyme, glutathione r...

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Sleep: The body's rest cycle.

Sodium: The major positive ion (cation) in the fluid surrounding cells in the body. The ch...

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Steroid: One of a large group of chemical substances classified by a specific carbon struc...

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Stress: In a medical or biological context stress is a physical, mental, or emotional fact...

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Sweating: The act of secreting fluid from the skin by the sweat (sudoriferous) glands. The...

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Symptom: Any subjective evidence of disease. In contrast, a sign is objective. Blood comin...

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Therapeutic: Relating to therapeutics, the branch of medicine that is concerned specifical...

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Therapy: The treatment of disease. Therapy is synonymous with treatment.

Tinea capitis: A fungal infection (known as ringworm) of the scalp. This disorder occurs m...

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Topical: Pertaining to a particular surface area. For example, a topical agent is applied ...

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Xerosis: Abnormal dryness of the skin, mucous membranes, or conjunctiva (xerophthalmia). T...

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