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Dandruff (cont.)

Medications

  • Antifungal shampoos – Prescription-strength shampoos help decrease the yeast counts on the skin.


    • ketoconazole (Nizoral) shampoo


    • ciclopirox (Loprox) shampoo


  • Antibacterial cleaners – Prescription-strength washes such as sulfacetamide help decrease the bacterial counts on the skin.


    • sulfacetamide (Rosanil)


    • sodium sulfacetamide and sulfur (Clenia)


    • benzoyl peroxide (Benoxyl, Benzac AC, Benzac W, Benzagel, Brevoxyl, Desquam, Fostex, Persa-Gel, Triaz, Vanoxide, Zoderm) cleansers


  • Cortisone shampoos – Prescription-strength steroid shampoos in rinse-off products help decrease the inflammation and decrease itching.


    • fluocinolone acetonide (Capex) shampoo


    • clobetasol (Clobex) shampoo


  • Corticosteroids – Prescription-strength cortisone preparations as "rub in and leave on" products help decrease the inflammation and control itching. These vary in strength, the strongest of which is about 1,000 times the strength of over-the-counter hydrocortisone!


Topical cortisones are safe when used effectively under a physician' s care and guidance. As there are many known, possible long-term side effects of all steroids, they should be used sparingly and only where needed. Many cortisone preparations are available including ointments (more greasy, clear, petroleum-based) creams (thick, white, and lubricating), lotions (light, flowing liquid), solutions (clear watery liquid, often alcohol-based), sprays (clear liquid in propellant), and foams (light, airy mousse).

  • clobetasol (Olux) foam


  • betamethasone (Luxiq) foam


  • clobetasol solution (Cormax, Temovate)


  • fluocinonide (Synalar) solution


  • clobetasol (Clobex) spray


  • clobetasol (Clobex) lotion


  • triamcinolone (Kenalog) spray


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Dandruff - Experience

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Read What Your Physician is Reading on Medscape

Seborrheic Dermatitis »

Seborrheic dermatitis is a papulosquamous disorder patterned on the sebum-rich areas of the scalp, face, and trunk.

Read More on Medscape Reference »


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